EMT Chapters 19, 18, & 21 Flashcards Preview

Emergency Care > EMT Chapters 19, 18, & 21 > Flashcards

Flashcards in EMT Chapters 19, 18, & 21 Deck (77):
0

What is a symptom of both pulmonary edema and pneumonia?

Crackles

1

Wheezing is…

Narrowed airways

2

Stridor is…

Partial airway obstruction

3

What sound is stridor?

High pitched on inspiration

4

What diseases fall under COPD?

Emphysema and chronic bronchitis

5

Emphysema is destruction of ____ _____.

Alveolar sacs

6

Emphysema decreases what?

Surface area of alveolar sacs

7

_____ _____ is known as pink puffer because of their pursed lips.

Emphysema patients

8

What device is used on pulmonary edema?

CPAP

9

Which COPD produces a productive cough?

Chronic bronchitis

10

_______ is high CO2 levels

Hypercapnia

11

Asthma is an ____ disease

Episodic

12

What is the order of progression of asthmatics?

i) expiration wheezing
ii) inspiration and expiration wheezing
iii) silent

13

Asthmatics have a ____ couch.

Nonproductive

14

Pulmonary edema is a result of what?

Left sided heart failure.

15

What is a spontaneous pneumothorax?

A collapsed lung.

16

What are some signs and symptoms of a spontaneous pneumothorax?

Unilateral lung sounds
Deviated trachea
Unequal chest rise

17

What is hemoptysis?

Coughing up blood

18

What is hematemesis?

Vomiting blood

19

What is the function of beta blockers

They slow the heart rate

20

Nitroglycerin does what?

Reduces preload and decreases pressure

21

Sudden death occurs _____ after the onset of symptoms

2 hours

22

When examining the abdomen check for…

Distension and and rigidity

23

What do you check for when examining the neck?

JVD and medical tag

24

What are the 5 patient rights?

Right patient
Right time
Right medication
Right dose
Right route

25

What are examples of opioids?

Heroine
Morphine
Phentanyl
Oxycodone

26

ALOC is an acronym that mean…

Altered Level of Consciousness

27

What is AEIOU?

A - Alcohol
E - Environment/Epilepsy
I - Insulin
O - Overdose
U - Uremia

28

What is TIPS?

T - trauma
I - infection
P - psychosis
S - stroke

29

AEIOU- TIPS is what?

A - alcohol/anoxia
E - environment/epilepsy
I - Insulin
O - overdose
U - uremia

T - trauma
I - infection
P - psychosis
S - stroke

30

What is uremia?

Kidney failure

31

What is the most common cause of AMS?

Hypoxia/hypercapnia

32

What is the function of dialysis?

It medically removes toxins from blood.

33

What organ in the body produces insulin?

Pancreas

34

What structure in the pancreas produces insulin?

Islets of Langerhan

35

What are four causes of hypoglycemia?

Bad diet
No insulin regulation
Increased exercise
Increased vomiting

36

What are 3 causes of hyperglycemia?

Too much glucose intake
Not enough insulin
Infection

37

What are the signs of hyperglycemia?

Dehydration
Excessive thirst
Drowsiness
Excessive urination

38

What are the signs of hypoglycemia?

Grumpy
Combative
Dizzy
Sweaty
Shaky
Moody
Tiredness
Blurred vision

39

What is DKA?

Diabetic ketoacidosis

40

Which type of diabetics is DKA is most common in?

Type one

41

What is the most common cause of diabetic ketoacidosis?

Infection

42

Explain diabetic ketoacidosis?

It is when muscles use fats for fuel instead of glucose and ketones are produced as a byproduct making the body acidic.

43

What are ketones?

Acids produced when the body uses fats for fuel

44

What byproduct is produced when the body uses fats for fuel?

Ketones

45

What is acidosis?

When ketones build up in the blood.

46

What is the onset time of diabetic ketoacidosis?

4-10 hours

47

What type of respirations do diabetic ketoacidosis patients have?

Kussmal respirations

48

What is the normal ph range of a healthy human?

7.35-7.45

49

Where do physicians normally find ketones?

In urination

50

What are kussmal respirations?

Fast, deep, gasping

51

What does a patient with diabetic ketoacidosis look like?

Polyuria
Dehydration
High blood glucose
Tachycardia
Kussmal respirations

52

What is AVPU?

Alert
Verbal stimulus
Painful stimulus
Unresponsive

53

What is the cause of seizures?

Abnormal electrical activity in the brain?

54

Which seizure effects one part/side of the body?

Partial seizure

55

What seizures are partial seizures?

Focal motor & Jacksonian March seizures

56

Focal motor and Jacksonian March seizures are which type?

Partial seizures

57

Name the phases of generalized grand mal seizures?

Aura
Tonic phase
Clonic phase
Post ichtal phase
Lucid

58

What phase in a grand mal seizure exhibits rigid stiffness?

Tonic phase

59

what phase of a grand mal seizure exhibits jerking activity?

Clinic phase

60

Which seizure is brief and shows no motor activity?

Petit mal seizures

61

Which type of seizure occurs in children ages 6 months to 3 years?

Febrile

62

In which phase of a grand mal seizure is the patient combative/confused?

Post ichtal phase

63

What is a person who has multiple seizures?

Epilepsy

64

Multiple seizures from an unknown cause is what?

Idopathic

65

A patient who has ______ _______ has multiple seizures without a lucid interval.

Status epilepticus

66

What is loss of bladder/bowel control?

Incontinence

67

What are the two types of strokes?

Ischemic & hemorrhagic

68

Majority of strokes are _____.

Ischemic

69

What causes ischemic stokes?

A clot or embolus

70

What are two causes of hemorrhagic stroke?

Cerebral aneurysm
Long standing HTN

71

What are warning sings of a stroke?

Sudden numbness/weakness
Sudden confusion, trouble speaking, seeing, walking
Sudden loss of balance/dizziness
Sudden severe headache of unknown cause

72

How do you assess a stroke?

Cincinnati stroke scale

73

What is an important question to ask a potential stroke patient?

When was the last time he/she/you were normal?

74

What is TIA?

Transient Ischemic Attack

75

The symptoms of a TIA usually resolve in _________?

24 hours

76

____ of TIA patients will have a stroke within ____ of TIA.

40% ; 2 days