End of year test revision Flashcards Preview

Was James's Science But now Jake's Science as Well > End of year test revision > Flashcards

Flashcards in End of year test revision Deck (39):
1

What are antagonistic muscle pairs

They are muscles that work oppositely to each other
E.g bicep, tricep

2

Mandible

Your jaw bone

3

Cranium

Your skull

4

Clavicle

Your collar bone

5

Sternum

A hard bit of bone that runs down the centre of your chest between your ribs

6

Ribcage

A group of bones protecting your lungs.

7

Humerus

The bone in your upper arm

8

Radius

A bone in your lower arm

9

Ulna

A bone in your lower arm

10

Femur

The bone in your thigh

11

Tibia

A bone in your lower leg

12

Fibula

A bone in your lower leg

13

Synovial fluid

It is a liquid in between your joints that stop them from rubbing

14

Tendon

A tendon connects muscle to bone

15

Cartilage

It is mostly found in your joints and it protects the end if your bones from rubbing together.

16

Cell

A cell is kind of like the building blocks of life.

17

Organism

An organism is a group of millions of cells that make something that is living

18

Nucleus

The nucleus stores all the genetic information in the cell

19

Tissue

Tissue is a specialised group of cells that work together to do a certain job

20

Organ

An organ is something that is made up of different tissues and it performs a special job that it us designed to do.

21

Organ system

It is a group of organs working together

22

Fused joint

A joint that allows no movement

23

Ball and socket joint

A type of joint that allows lots of movement

24

Hinge joint

A joint that allows movement in one direction

25

Joint

A joint is an area in your skeleton where two or more bones meet

26

Lungs

An organ that allows you to breathe

27

Bone marrow

It is a thick substance in your bones used to create cells

28

What happens when you exhale

You lungs go in and down as does the ribcage which is allowed to move because of your intercostal muscles

29

Mitochondria

This is where respiration happens

30

What is the main bone in the leg?

Femur

31

Neck muscles

Hold the head up and move it in all directions

32

Triceps

Straighten the arm

33

Biceps

Bend the arm

34

Calf muscles

Pull the heel up and point the toes

35

Shoulder muscles

Raise and lower the arms

36

Abdominal muscles

Help with breathing and the movement of the torso

37

Thigh muscles

Move the lower leg

38

Shin muscles

Help move the foot up and down and side to side

39

Patella

Your kneecap