Endocarditis Flashcards Preview

252 > Endocarditis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Endocarditis Deck (11):
1

What parts of the heart are affected in endocarditis?

The endocardium and valves of the heart

2

What are two requirements for bacteria to cause endocarditis?

The microbe must enter the cardiovascular system and survive AND the microbe must adhere to the surface

3

In what cases would allow bacteria to adhere to the endocardium or valves in the heart easier?

Defective valves
Sutures from surgery

4

What occurs when bacteria adheres to the endocardium of the heart or the valves?

Platelets agglutinate and fibrin accumulates

5

What disease does endocarditis lead to?

Valvular disease

6

What are manifestations of endocarditis?

Those of local & systemic infection
Impaired heart fx affecting valves and chambers
Valvular dysfunction (stenosis)
Murmur

7

What is a possible complication of endocarditis?

Distal embolization

8

How do we diagnose endocarditis?

C & S
Echocardiogram

9

What treatments are used for endocarditis?

Eradicate microbe with Abx
Deal with any cardiac complications that arise

10

What are the 3 main rules about complications?

1- know that there is a potential for complications
2- know what the complications are
3- avoid the complications or if they arise deal with them

11

What is endocarditis a result from?

A bacterial infection