Endocrine & Metabolic Diseases Flashcards Preview

Pathophysiology > Endocrine & Metabolic Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Endocrine & Metabolic Diseases Deck (26):
1

Hormones

Endocrine

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A molecule that is released in one part of the body but regulates activity of cells in other parts. (Interstitial fluid)

Hormone

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2 Categories of Endocrine Disorders

Excessive amount of hormone or deficit of a hormone.

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Insufficient secretion of growth hormone during childhood. Epiphyseal plates close before normal height is reached.

Pituitary Dwarfism

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Over secretion of growth hormone in adulthood.

Acromegaly

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Autoimmune disorder in which a person produces antibodies that mimic actions of Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH). (Grave's Disease) More common in women than men.

Hyperthyroidism

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Lack of production and secretion of thyroid hormones.

Hypothyroidism

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Condition results in thyroid dwarfism and mental retardation. (hyperthyroidism)

Cretinism

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When it occurs in adults. (hyperthyroidism)

Myxedema

10

Breakdown of muscle proteins and redistribution of body fat.

Adrenal Gland Disorder (Cushing's Syndrome)

11

Hyposecretion of glucocorticoids and aldosterone.

Adrenal Gland

12

Insulin is formed by the beta cells within the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas.

Diabetes Mellitus

13

Polyuria

Excessive urine.

14

Polydipsia

Excessive thirst.

15

Polyphagia

Excessive hunger.

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Results from inadequate utilization of insulin and progressive beta cell dysfunction.

Type II DM

17

Insulin resistance syndrome.

Metabolic Syndrome

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Low glucose, no eating excessive insulin, hungry, give sugar.

Hypoglycemia

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High glucose, untreated diabetes, thirst, fruity odor to breath.

Hyperglycemia

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Bilateral, stocking and glove distribution.

Diabetic Neuropathy

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Useful for non-insulin dependent.

Glyburide (Diabeta)

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Reduces insulin resistance.

Metformin (Glucophage)

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Increase tissue sensitivity to insulin.

Trorlitazone/Rezulin

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Type of insulin used and effective period important factors to predict periods of hypoglycemia.

Insulin Injections

25

Results from insufficient levels of insulin.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)

26

Degenerative process related to abnormal metabolism of glucose.

Cataracts