endocrine glands part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in endocrine glands part 1 Deck (52):
1

source of calcitonin

thyroid parafollicular cells

2

type of calcitonin

protein

3

calcitonin is stimulated by

high blood Ca

4

calcitonin is inhibted by

low blood Ca

5

Effects of calcitonin

low blood Ca
decreased bone resporton
high calciuria
high phosphatouria

6

excess of calcitonin

no known effects

7

deficiency of calcitonin

no known effects

8

source of PTH

parathyroid chief cells

9

PTH is stimulated by

low blood Ca

10

PTH is inihibted by

high blood Ca

11

Effects of PTH

bone resorption
renal reabsorption
decreased phosphate reabsorption
increased vitamin D

12

Excess of PTH

Hypercalcemia
hypercalciuria
decreased phosphate
bone resoprtion

13

Deficiency of PTH

Abnormal conduction
hypocalcemia
tetany
CNS calcification

14

source of Vitamin D

skin liver kidney diet

15

Type of Vitamin D

steroud

16

Vit D stimulated by

low Vit D
low Phosphate
PTH

17

Vit D inihibited by

low PTH
high phosphate
high Vit D

18

Effects of Vit D

increased gut Ca and phosphate absorption

19

Excess of VIT D

hypercalcemia

20

deficiency of vit D

rickets children
osteomalacia adults

21

source of insulin

pancreas beta cells

22

type of insulin

protein

23

insulin is stimulated by

high blood glucose levels
amino acids
intestinal hormones

24

insulin is inhibited by

sympathetic tone
catecholamine
somatostatin

25

effects of insulin

glycogen synthesis
decreased gluconeogenesis

amino acid uptake

lipogenesis
glucose and triglyceride uptake

26

excess of insulin

hypoglycemia

27

deficiency of insulin

diabetes mellitus

28

source of glucagon

pancreas alpha cells

29

type of glucagon

protein

30

glucagon stimulated by

exercise
low blood glucose
cortisol
B-adrenergic tone

31

glucagon is inhibited by

high blood glucose
somatostatin

32

effects of glucagon

gluconeogenesis
proteolysis
lipolysis
glycogenolysis
ketogenesis

33

excess of glucagon

hyperglycemia

34

deficiency of glucagon

hypoglycemia

35

source of ADH

posterior pituitary

36

type of ADH

protein

37

ADH stimulated by

osmolality > 280
low ECF volume
angiotensin II
NICOTINE
nausea
pain

38

ADH inhibted by

low osmolality
high ECF volume
ETHANOL

39

Effects of ADH

increased permeability of collecting tubules
reabsorption of water
vasoconstriction
ACTH release

40

EXCESS Of ADH

SIADH
hyponatremia
hypertension

41

DEFICIENCY OF ADH

diabetes insipidus

42

source of oxytocin

posterior pituitary

43

type of oxytocin

protein

44

oxytocin is stimulated by

sucking
crying baby
dilation of uterus

45

effects of oxytocin

milk letdown
dysmenorrhea
uterine contraction

46

source of ACTH

anterior pituitary basophils

47

type of ACTH

PROTEIN

48

ACTH stimulated by

stress
CRH
circadian rhythm

49

acth INHIITED BY

CORTISOL

50

Effects of ACTH

increased cortisol
increased androgens
maintains adrenal cortex

51

excess of ACTH

Cushing's syndrome

52

deficiency of ACTH

Secondary Addison's disease

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