Endocrine Hormones Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Endocrine Hormones Deck (30)
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1

Insulin

Pancreatic beta cells

Liver, Adipocytes, General

Lowers blood glucose

2

Glucagon

Pancreatic Alpha cells

Liver, Adipocytes

Raises blood glucose

3

Human Growth Hormone (hGH) or Somatotropin

Anterior Pituitary

General

Bone and tissue growth and release of insulin like growth factor (IGF-I)

4

Prolactin

Anterior Pituitary

Ovary and breasts

Production of estrogen and progesterone or testosterone

5

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)

Anterior Pituitary

Adrenal Cortex

Secretion of adrenal cortex hormones

6

Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

Anterior Pituitary

Ovary and testes

Production of estrogen and progesterone or testosterone

7

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

Anterior Pituitary

Ovary and Testes

Growth of ovarian follicles or seminiferous tubules

8

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

Anterior Pituitary

Thyroid

Secretion of Thyroid Hormone

9

Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)

Hypothalamus - stored and released by the Posterior Pituitary

Kidney

Water reabsorption by distal tubules

10

Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3)

Thyroid

General

Bone and tissue growth and release of insulin-like growth factor

11

Calcitonin

Thyroid

Osteoclasts

Inhibits bone reabsorption. Lowers blood Ca, raises blood phosphorous.

12

Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)

Parathyroid

Osteoclasts, kidney, intestines

Stimulates bone resorption, Lowers blood Ca, raises blood phosphorus

13

Aldosterone

Adrenal Cortex

Kidney

Sodium reabsorption

14

Cortisol

Adrenal Cortex

Muscle, Liver, General

Protein and carbohydrate metabolism - raises blood glucose

15

Adrenaline and Noradrenaline (Epinephrine and norepinephrine)

Adrenal Medulla

Epinephrine - Muscle, Liver, Heart
Raises metabolic rate, increases blood glucose, increases heart rate

Norepinephrine - Arterioles, adipocytes
Vasoconstrictor, Lipid mobilization

16

Estrogen and Progesterone

Ovaries

Estrogen - Uterus, Breasts
Develop and maintain female characteristics

Progesterone - Uterus, Breasts
Development of uterine lining

17

Testosterone

Testes

General, reproductive organs

Develop and maintain male characteristics, spermatogenesis

18

Primary hyperthyroidism

Thyroid

19

Graves Disease

Thyroid

20

Secondary hyperthyroidism

Thyroid

21

Primary hypothyroidism

Thyroid

22

Hashimoto's

Thyroid

23

Cushing's Disease

Pituitary/Hypothalamus

24

Acromegaly

Pituitary/Hypothalamus

25

Diabetes insipidus

Pituitary/Hypothalamus

26

Cushing's Syndrome

Adrenal Gland

27

Addison's Disease

Adrenal Gland

28

Conn's Syndrome

Adrenal Gland

29

Hyperparathroidism

Parathyroid Gland

30

Diabetes mellitus type I

Pancreas