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Flashcards in endocrine part 2 Deck (65):
1

source of aldosterone

adrenal zona glomerulosa

2

type of hormone aldosterone

steroid

3

STIMULATED BY aldosterone

ANGIOTENSIN II
ACTH
Increased K
decreased Na

4

aldosterone inhibted by

dopamine

5

effects of aldosterone

Na retention in kidneys

6

Excess of aldosterone

Conn's syndrome
high ECF volume
hypertension
decreased K
alkalosis

7

deficiency of aldosterone

hypotension
Increased k

8

SOurce of adrenal androgens

adrenal zona reticularis

9

type of adrenal androgens

steroid

10

adrenal androgens stimulated by

ACTH

11

Effects of adrenal androgens

contribute to 2ndary sex characteristics

12

excess of adrenal androgens

virilism

13

deficiency of adrenal androgens

poor 2ndary sex characteristics development
hypogonadism

14

source of LH

anterior pituitary basophils

15

gtype of LH

protein

16

LH stimulated by

GnRH
very high estrogen

17

LH inhibited by

estrogen
testosterone

18

effects of LH

increase testosterone from leydig cells
ovulation

19

excess LH

AMENORRHEA

20

deficiency of LH

amenorreha infertility

21

FSH source

anterior pituitary basophils

22

type of FSH

protein

23

FSH stimulated by

GnRH

24

FSH inhibiton

estrogen
inhibin

25

effects of fsh

synthesis of estorgen
spermatogeness
follicular recruitment

26

excess and deficiency of fsh

same as LH

27

source of progesterone

ovaries and placenta
adrenals

28

type of proges

steroid

29

proges timulated by

LH, HCG, high estrogen

30

inhibition progest

low estorgen

31

effects of progesterone

follicular growth
libido
endometrial proliferation
primary sex characteristics
inc uterine excitability

32

excess and deficiency of proges

abnormal bledding, infertility

33

source of estrogen

ovaries and placenta
adrenals

34

type of estrogen

steroid

35

stimulation of estro

LH, HCG, high estrogen

36

inhibition of estro

low estorgen

37

effects of estro

endometrial gland secretion, maintenance of pregnancy
decre uterine excitability
breast developmet
increased temperature
secretion of endocervical mucus

38

excess of estrogen

abnormal bleeding, precocious puberty

39

deficiency of estrogen

amenorrhea, infertility

40

source of testosterone

testes, leydig cells

41

type of testosterone

steroid

42

stimulation of testosterone

LH

43

inhibition of testosterone

testosterone via pituitary

44

effects of testosterone

sexual differentiation
development of 1 and 2nd sex characteristics
protein synthesis
epiphyseal fusion
gametogenesis
libido

45

excess of testosterone

hypergonadism

46

deficiency of testosterone

hypogonadism

47

source of prolactin

anterior pituitary acidophil

48

type ofprolactin

protein

49

stimulation of prolactin

sucking
TRH
pain
stress
sleep
pregnancy

50

inhiition prolactin

dopamine

51

effect of prolactin

lactation

52

excess of prolactin

amenorreha infertility
irregular menstruation

53

deficiency of prolactin

failure to lactate

54

SOURCE OF TSH

anterior pituitary basophil

55

type of TSH

protein

56

TSHstimulated by

TRH
COLD

57

TSH inhibition

T3, T4
Cortisol
somatostatin

58

TSH effects

inc T3/T4 release
iodide organification
thyroglobulin exocytosis
colloid endocytosis

59

TSH excess

hyperthyroidism

60

TSH deficiency

hypothyroidism

61

source of T3/T4

THYROID

62

type of T3/T4

amino acid

63

T3/T4 stimulated by

AMINO ACID

64

T3/T4 inhibited by

iodine excess

65

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