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RUSVM Micro I section 4 > Endocrine System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Endocrine System Deck (27)
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1

What is the function of endocrine organs 

1. Growth and development 

2. Internal Enviorment 

3. Energy production, storage and utilization

4. Reproduction 

2

What does the hypothalamus link

It links the NS to the endocrine system via the pituitary gland/hypophysis

3

Releasing hormones are released into what?

the "portal system" to target cells in the adneohypophysis

4

Hormones that are axonally transported and stored where?

Stored in the neurohypophysis, then released into blood to target differnt sites.

Antidiuretic hormones (ADH) + oxytocin 

5

What are the characteristcs of endocrine organs 

1. Epithelial in origin

2. Ductless

3. Highly Vascular 

4. Control or effect mediated by hormones 

6

What does the hypophyseal pouch develop into?

The anterior pituitary 

(Pars tuberalis, pars intermedia and pars distalis) 

7

What does the neurohypophyseal bud develop into?

Posterior Pituitary 

8

Give an example of oxytocin and explain the process 

-Milk letdown- 

Calf stimulates mammary gland -> neural loop (spinal cord) -> neural pathway to hypothalamus -> Neuroendocrine cells snythesis ocytocin -> Pars Nervosa (posterior pitutary/ Neurohypophysis) -> oxytocin stored in nerve terminal stimulation of nerve releases oxytocin in capillary -> Oxytocin release in blood -> oxytocin stimulates concraction of myoepithelial cells for milk let down -> alveoli- milk production of mammary gland. 

9

What are the 3 portions of adenohypophysis 

Pars distalis, pars intermedia, pars tuberalis. 

10

What does the pars intermedia secrete ?

Source of melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) 

11

What is the following image? What is the purpose what is in this image? 

Pars distalis of adenohypophysis with acidophils, basophils and chromophobes. 

The pars distalis is the bulk of the adenohypophysis and seretes the majority of hormones 

12

13

What are the arrows pointing to?

Pars intermedia (arrows)

-Hypophyseal cleft, between the adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis. 

14

Adenohypophysis- how and where do hormones travel?

1. Hypothalamic neurons produce releasing hormones into portal vessels

2. Releasing hormones travel to the adenohypophysis (especially pars distalis) where they stimulate acidophils or basophils to produce another hormone

The second hormone travels to a target endocrine organ where a 3rd hormone is produced

The 3rd hormone causes an effect on the target cell/organ. 

15

What is the arrow pointing to?

Pineal gland 

16

Pinealocytes produce what hormone?

Melatonin

17

What is the main function of the epiphysis?

Main function is to regulate daily rhythms of bodily activity.

18

 What are the secretory cells of the epiphysis? 

They are the pinealocytes 

19

What are the arrows pointing to?

Pinealocytes

20

What are the arrows pointing to?

Pinealocytes

21

what is the following image 

Neurohypophysis with pituicytes and herring bodies 

22

What is the following image showing?

Hypophysis/pituitary gland. Masons stain 

23

What is the arrow pointing to?

Herring body -They represent the terminal end of the axons from the hypothalamus and hormones are temp. stored in these locations. 

24

What is the following image showing?

Pineal gland 

25

What is the following image showing and what is the clusters of the pigmented material called ?

Pinealocytes and clusters of pigmented material = corpora arenacea (brain sand) 

26

What is the following image showing?

Thyroid gland 

27