Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Endocrine System Deck (15):
1

Diseases of the pituitary gland

Hyperpituitarism- over active causes by adenoma
Hypopituarism- under active due to surgery injury radiation or inflammation
Local mass effect- compression on the optic ciasm when a tumour compresses the surroundings

2

Effects of adenoma on hormones

ACTH- Cushing's syndrome
Growth hormone- gigantism, acromegaly
Prolactin- galactorrhea/amenorrhea, sexual dysfunction, infertility
Tsh- hyperthyroidism
Fish/lh- hypogonadism, mass effects/ hypopituatism

3

What are the causes of hypopituarism

Iaschemic necrosis of peripheries
Sheehans syndrome
Non functioning adenoma
Surgery irradiation
Inflammatory lesions

4

Causes of hyperthyroidism

Graves' disease
Over treatment of thyroxine
Infective
Toxic multinodular goitre
Toxic adenoma

5

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism

Fine straight hair
Bulging eyes
Tachycardia
High systolic bp
Weight loss
Muscle waste
Brest enlarge
Tremors
Diarrhoea
Menstrual change
Finger clubbing

6

Symptoms of Graves' disease

Definitive bulging eyes
Low tsh high thyroxine in blood

7

Causes of hypothyroidism

Iodine deficiency
Autoimmune
Latugenic surgery
Pituitary defect meaning low tsh
Congenital malformations of

8

What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism

Intolerance to cold
Receding hair and loss
Oedema face and eye lid
Extreme fatigue
Thick tongue
Slow speech
Anorexia
Brittle hair and nails
Menstrual discharge
Constipation
Muscle weakness
Dry skin
Lethargy

9

Causes of hypoparathroidism

Tyrolectomy
Congenital
Hereditary autoimmunity

10

Symptoms of hypoparathyroidism

Low calcium
Irritable
Teteny- spasm
Seizure

11

Causes of hyperparathyroidism

Primary - adenoma causing high pth
Secondary - chronic renal failure
Tertiary- after transplant

12

Symptoms of hyperparathyroidism

Constipation
Polyuria
Depression
Seizure
Muscle wastage
Bone fractures
Kidney stones

13

Symptoms of Cushing's syndrome

Emotional disturbance
Enlarged sella turcia
Moon face
Osteoporosis
Cardiac hypertrophy
Buffalo hull
Adrenal tumour
Thin white skin
Amerrohea
Pupura
Obesity
Ulcers

14

Symptoms of Addison's disease

Gi disturbances such as anorexia, nurses, vomiting, diarrhoea
Reduced weight
Hyperpigmentation
Low levels of sodium high levels potassium

15

Symptoms of phaeochiomocytoma (adrenal tumour)

High bp
Swear
Palputations
Nervous
Increased metabolic reaction
Increased heart rate