Flashcards in Endocrinology Lecture 2 Deck (20):
what do somatotrophs do?
what is somatostatin?
growth hormone inhibiting hormone
growth hormone can also have an impact on
what is a somatomedin?
insulin like growth factor
where are IGF's made?
liver, skeletal muscle, cartilage, bone
what do IGF's do?
increase amino acid uptake by cells
decrease glucose uptake of body cells
decrease break down of proteins
what hormone can break down protein?
cortisol in excess
what can trigger release of GHRH?
low blood sugar
what will cause a release of GHIH?
high blood sugar
how would stress impact hGH?
increase (need sugar to go to the brain and body)
what do sex hormones promote?
which cells carry out PT activity?
what are the functions of PTH?
increase blood calcium level
increases formation of calcitriol (active form of vitamin D)
decrease blood phosphate level
is hypothalamus part of the parathyroid pathway?
which cells make calcitonin in the thyroid?
where is pancreas located?
what do beta cells produce?
what do alpha cells produce?
what is the role of the pineal gland?