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Flashcards in Energy Deck (27):
1

Potential energy

energy that has the potential to do something

2

Kinetic energy

energy due to motion or movement

3

Mechanical

operated by a machine

4

Nuclear

relating to the nucleus of an atom.

5

Electrical

used to charge particles

6

Gravitational

the potential energy held by an object

7

Light

energy at an extremely rapid rate

8

Heat

is a form of energy transfer among particles in a substance

9

Sound

sound is cause by vibration and particle connecting to each other

10

Chemical

Energy stored in the bonds of chemical compounds

11

Conduction

transfer of heat through collisions between particles

12

Convection

transfer of heat through the flow of particles

13

Radiation

a method of heat transfer that does not require particles to transfer heat from one place to another

14

Thermal

Thermal energy is the internal energy of an object due to the kinetic energy of its atoms and/or molecules.

15

Movement

the movement of energy

16

Elastic

Elastic energy is the potential mechanical energy stored in the configuration of a material or physical system as work is performed to distort its volume or shape

17

Deciduous

describes plants that lose their leaves during autumn and winter

18

luminous

releasing its own light

19

incandescent

describes objects that emit light when they are hot

20

bio luminescent

describes living things that release light energy

21

non-luminous

describes objects that do not emit their own light, but can be seen by reflected light

22

scattered

describes light sent in many directions by small particles within a substance

23

visible spectrum

different colors that combine to make up white light; they are separated in rainbows

24

dispersion

separation of the colors that make up white light. Each color is bent differently when it enters or leaves a glass prism.

25

electromagnetic radiation: the radiant energy such as radio waves, infrared, visible light, X-rays and gamma rays released by magnetic or electric fields

electromagnetic radiation

26

radio waves

low energy electromagnetic waves with a much lower frequency and longer wavelength than visible light

27

infra-red radiation:

low energy electromagnetic waves with a much lower frequency and longer wavelength than visible light