English C1+ vocabulary - basic phrasal verbs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in English C1+ vocabulary - basic phrasal verbs Deck (123):
1

Encontrarse con

Come across (trans)
Run into (trans)
Meet, find by chance, face
I came across an old friend in the street yesterday
Fancy running into you here!

2

Heredar

Come into (trans)
Inherit
He came into a lot of money on his father's death

3

Ser un éxito

Come off (interns)
Be a success
Did the party come off, or was it a flop?

4

Tener un resultado positivo

Come out (interns)
Have a positive result
I hope it will all come out ok for you in the end

5

Recuperar la conciencia, volver en sí

Come round (intrans)Regain consciousness
After being unconscious for two hours, he came round

6

Enfrentarse a

Come up against (trans)
Confront, face, strike against
Oh dear! We seem to have come up against a problem

7

Ocurrirse una idea, inventarse, imaginar

Come up with (trans)
Think up (trans)
Originate
It's difficult to come up with totally new ideas
I've thought up a new slogan for our campaign

8

Comunicar

Get across (trans), put across (trans)
Communicate, be able to communicate
She's very successful at getting across her ideas
Putting across new ideas can be difficult

9

Meterse con alguien

Get at (trans)
Taunt, tease
Instead of always getting at me, tell me what's up

10

Recuperar

Get back (trans)
Recover
I returned the item and got my money back

11

Arreglárselas, pasar con

Get by (interns)
Manage on means available
It's a miracle they manage to get by on his salary!

12

Deprimir, bajar la moral

Get down (trans)
Depress, sadden, cast down
Don't let life get you down! Bounce right back!

13

Llevarse bien con

Get on with (trans)
Be friendly with, stand well with, get along with
Ian is so friendly he gets on with everyone he meets

14

Escaparse de una actividad (obligación)

Get out of (trans)
Manage to avoid, elude, scape
Some people will do anything to get out of washing up!

15

Vencer, resolver, superar

Get over (trans)
Solve, surmount, overcome
Great! I've finally got over my fear of exams!

16

Superar o recuperarse de una enfermedad

Get over (trans)
Recover from (illness)
It only took me three days to get over my cold

17

Sacar tiempo para

Get round to + ING (trans)
Find time to, manage to
He finally got round to writing to his old mother!

18

Comunicar por teléfono, conseguir comunicación

Get through (interns)
Achieve telephone communication
Operator? I can't get through to the number I want

19

Regalar, obsequiar, donar

Give away (trans)
Give to charity, donate, grant, present
Give away what you don't want to people in need

20

Revelar, delatar, traicionar

Give away (trans)
Reveal (secrets), betray, disclose, divulge
She was found guilty of giving away state secrets

21

Devolver, retornar

Give back (trans)
Return to owner, put back, hand back
You can borrow it as long as you give it back tomorrow

22

Ceder, darse por vencido, rendirse

Give in (intrans)
Surrender, submit, yield
Just imagine! They gave in without a struggle!

23

Entregar, presentar (documentación)

Give in (trans)
Hand in, deliver
At the end of the test they gave in their papers

24

Someterse a, rendirse a

Give in to (intrans)
Surrender to
Governments must not give in to terrorism

25

Emitir (mal olor), emanar, desprender

Give off (trans)
Emit (bad smell)
Ugh! This meat is giving off an awful smell!

26

Distribuir, repartir

Give out (trans)
Distribute, hand out
The teacher gave out the examination papers

27

Anunciar

Give out (trans)
Announce
On the news they gave out that he was missing

28

Agotarse, acabarse, fallar

Give out (interns)
Be no more of, become exhausted, be off
Their water gave out after six days
At last her heart gave out

29

Rendirse

Give up (interns)
Surrender, resign, yield, capitulate
The hijackers gave up after police stormed the plane

30

Dejar, abandonar

Give up (trans)
Stop, abandon, leave, quit
It is difficult to give up old habits, like smoking

31

Faltar a una promesa o palabra

Go back on (trans)
Fail to keep (a promise), retract from, take back
The Government has gone back on his promise!

32

Pasar, transcurrir

Go by (interns)
Pass, get through
Most things change, as time goes by

33

Coger una enfermedad

Go down with (trans)
Become ill with
Poor Jim! He went down with flu on his holiday

34

Presentarse a (concurso, competición)

Go in for (trans)
Enter for (competition), pursue
Do you like going in for competitions?

35

Investigar, examinar

Go into (trans)
Investigate, get into, look into
He went into the problem in great detail
Police are looking into the murder at the moment

36

Salir bien o mal

Go off (interns)
Be a success or not, come to be
I thought the party went off very well this year

37

Estropearse, pudrirse

Go off (interns)
Go bad/rotten, get staled, get rancid
There's nothing worse than eggs that have gone off!

38

Hablar sin parar

Go on (interns)
Talk and talk
What a windbag! She just goes on and on!

39

Extinguirse, apagarse

Go out (interns)
Become extinguised, die out, fade away
In the end the fire went out of its own accord

40

Sufrir, aguantar, soportar

Go through (trans)
Endure, undergo
I hear he went through terrible things in the war

41

Acercarse

Go up to (trans)
Come up to (trans)
Approach
I went up to the policeman and asked him the way

42

Cuidar, ocuparse de

Look after (trans)
Take care of, look out for, watch over
Some children look after their parents in their old age

43

Mirar

Look at (trans)
Watch, observe
Why are you looking at me like that?

44

Buscar

Look for (trans)
Seek after (trans)
Seek, search for, be after
Where's my pen? I have been looking for it for ages
Henna is becoming increasingly sought after nowadays

45

Tener ganas de, anticipar con ganas

Look forward to + NOUN, ING (trans)
Anticipate with pleasure, await with excitement, be earnest about
She always looks forward to going on holiday

46

Tener cuidado

Look out (interns)
Be careful, beware, watch out
Look out! There's something strange behind you!

47

Estar alerta

Look out for (trans)
Keep an eye open for, beware of, watch out for
I like my job, but I look out for other possibilities

48

Buscar en un libro o documento

Look up (trans)
Look for information in reference book, search for
I looked up his number in the telephone directory

49

Admirar, respetar

Look up to (trans)
Admire, respect, have regard for
Children need a good example to look up to

50

Criticar, difamar

Put down (trans)
Criticise, defame, denigrate
Don't put people down all the time! Build them up!

51

Atribuir a, dar como razón

Put down to (trans)
Give it as a reasonI put her success down to her sheer hard work

52

Solicitar, presentarse a

Put in for (trans)
Apply for, request
Why don't you put in for this job? It sounds good

53

Aplazar, posponer

Put off (trans)
Postpone, delay until later, defer
People always try to put off doing unpleasant things

54

Disuadir a alguien de hacer algo

Put off (trans)
Repel, persuade not to do, pour cold water on
I put her off seeing that horror film

55

Extinguir, apagar

Put out (trans)
Extinguish, douse
The firemen couldn't put out the fire for ages

56

Ofender, enfadar, molestar

Put out (trans)
Disturb, annoy
I don't want to put you out, but can you help me?

57

Exponer, comunicar

Put over (trans)
Communicate, convey
Putting over your views in public can be tricky

58

Pasar a alguien al teléfono, poner con alguien

Put through (trans)
Connect (a telephone user)
Operator? Can you put me to this number?

59

Alojar, hospedar

Put up (trans)
Lodge, give a bed to, accomodate, board
When you come, I'll put you at my flat

60

Tolerar, aguantar, soportar

Put up with (trans)
Tolerate, bear, abide
I won't put up with that sort of behaviour!

61

Irse, pasar de largo

Run along (interns)
Go away, continue about your business
Do you know who I ran along the other day? John!

62

Colisionar, chocar

Run into (trans)
Collide with, crash into, bump into
When I stopped suddenly, the car behind ran into me

63

Quedarse sin, agotarse, acabarse

Run out of (trans)
Be left without, lack, be out of
We ran out of petrol in the middle of nowhere

64

Atropellar con el coche, aplastar

Run over (trans)
Drive car over, ride down
He was driving too fast and ran over a cat

65

Repasar, revisar (puntos, conceptos, planes)

Run over, run through (trans)
Look over, review
Can we run over a few points that you made?
Wy don't we run through these points again?

66

Ponerse con algo, emprender

Set about (trans)
Take steps to deal with, undertake, engage in
How do I set about claiming the money back?

67

Retrasar, entorpecer, complicar algo

Set back (trans)
Cause difficulty to, delay, hold up, postpone
The accident will set the experiment back some months

68

Poner por escrito

Set down (trans)
Write down, explain, put down in writing
He set down all the master said in a notebook

69

Establecerse, insertarse

Set in (intrans)
Become established, place in
What a pity! The bad weather seems to have set in

70

Ponerse en camino, salir (en un viaje)

Set off, set out (interns)
Start, leave, take off
What time do you want us to set off tomorrow?They set out after a good night's rest

71

Desencadenar (una reacción), hacer empezar

Set off (trans)
Initiate (chain reaction)
The attack set off a wave of protests in the world

72

Detonar, hacer explotar

Set off (trans)
Detonate, blow, trigger, activate
The bomb disposal unit has set off another bomb

73

Atacar, agredir

Set on (trans)
Attack, cause to attack, assault
Be careful they don't set their dog on you

74

Arreglar, disponer

Set out (trans)
Display, arrange
I saw her setting out a wonderful shopwindow display

75

Intentar hacer algo, proponerse

Set out (interns)
To intend to do a thing
Carl Lewis set out to win as many medals as possible

76

Establecer, disponer, presentar (normas...)

Set out (trans)
Arrange, display
The terms are clearly set out in the agreement

77

Empezar con entusiasmo

Set to (intrans)
Begin, undertake with enthusiasm
As soon as they were served, they set to with a will

78

Poner en pie, poner en vertical

Set up (trans)
Put upright
Can you set up the chess pieces while I get my glasses?

79

Establecer, montar (empresa, comisión...)

Set up (trans)
Establish, found, settle, build, fit
A commission was set up to find out the cause

80

Parecerse a

Take after (trans)
Resemble, look like
Samantha takes after her mother in looks and character

81

Entender, aceptar, comprender

Take in (trans)
Accept/understand (an idea), embrace, assimilate
Reactionaries refuse to take in new ideas

82

Defraudar, engañar

Take in (trans)
Deceive, defraud, trick
Confidence tricksters or "conmen" take people in

83

Despegar (avión)

Take off (interns)
Leave the ground, lift off
Quick! The plane is due to take off in five minutes

84

Imitar a una persona

Take off (trans)
Imitate (a person)
Impersonators are good at taking off celebrities

85

Aceptar responsabilidad

Take on (trans)
Accept, admit, honor
George has taken on much greater responsability

86

Sacar a la calle

Take out (trans)
Bring out, carry out, draw out (restaurant, film...)
Do you offer to pay when someone takes you out?

87

Tomar el control

Take over (trans)
Take control of, take charge, assume control
Multinationals often take over smaller organizations

88

Encariñarse con, inclinarse a

Take to (trans)
Conceive a liking for, lean to, have a liking for
When they met, they took to each other at once

89

Adoptar un pasatiempo o actividad

Take up (trans)
Adopt as pastime/activity, engage, give work to
If you want exercise, why not take up jogging?

90

Disminuir, bajar (volumen)

Turn down (trans)
Lower, decrease, reduce
Ooh! That radio is too loud. Can you turn it down?

91

Convertirse, volverse

Turn into (interns)
Become, get into, come to be
At a kiss from the princess he turned into a prince

92

Rechazar, no aceptar

Turn down (trans)
Reject, decline, refuse, turn away
Most books are often turned down before publication

93

Desconectar aparato

Turn off (interns)
Disconnect electrical supply, shut down, switch off
Can you turn off the lights before you go to bed?

94

Irse, dejar una trayectoria

Turn off (trans)
Not keep on the same road, drive away, go off
Turning off the main road, he went down a little lane

95

Conectar aparato o suministro eléctrico

Turn on (trans)
Connect electrical supply, switch on, trigger
It's getting dark. Turn the lights on, please

96

Resultar (resultar ser)

Turn out (interns)
Prove to be, come about, come true
The butler turned out to be the murderer

97

Producir

Turn out (trans)
Produce, yield, generate
The factory turns out fifty fridges a day

98

Voltear en el aire, volcar

Turn over (trans)
Revolve in the air, flip, tumble
Can you turn the record over? I want the other side

99

Volverse, virar

Turn round (interns)
Turn to face opposite direction, turn around, turn back
I heard a voice behind me and turned round

100

Elevar, subir (el volumen)

Turn up (trans)
Raise, increase, bring up
Can you turn up the volume? It's too low

101

Aparecer, ocurrir

Turn up (interns)
Appear, come up, come forth
He turned up on my doorstep after a year's absence

102

Engatusar, convencer

Bring round (trans)
Persuade, convince
I finally brought him round on travelling to France

103

Erosionar(se), desgastar(se), borrar(se)

Wear away (trans) (intrans)
Decrease, erode, wash out
The wind and rain wear away the stone of buildings

104

Empezar de repente, estallar

Break out (trans)
Begin, arise, break off (fire, war, epidemic, argument, discussion)
Everyone was affraid that war would break out

105

Romper, separarse

Break up (interns)
Split up, end up
They broke up after ten years of marriage

106

Educar, criar

Bring up (trans)
Rise, educate
He was brought up to believe in God

107

Visitar, pasar a saludar

Call on (interns)
Visit, pay a visit, pay a call on
John called on Mary while she was in the hospital

108

Cenar fuera, salir a cenar

Eat out (instrans)
Eat in a restaurant, dine out
She invited me to eat out

109

Venirse abajo, fracasar

Fall through (interns)
Fail, flop, blow it
The deal fell through at the last minute

110

Inventar, imaginar

Make up (trans)
Invent, create, come up with
You should be a writer, you make up such interesting stories

111

Despedir, decir adiós

See off (trans)
Say good-bye to, bid farewell to
He came to the airport with me to see me off

112

Maquinar, tramar

Be up to (trans)
Machinate, concoct
What are you up to? Asked the policeman

113

Causar un problema de salud o una reacción

Bring out in (trans)
Cause, produce
Too much greasy fish and chips always brings out in spots

114

Hacerse acreedor

Come in for (trans)
Be subjected to
The thoughtless four came in for angry criticism from Mrs. Mop

115

Seguir el ritmo

Keep up with (trans)
Stay level with, go as fast as
He raced ahead of me and I couldn't keep up with him

116

Abolir, deshacerse de

Do away with (trans)
Abolish, get rid of
In most countries they've done away with capital punishment

117

Recurrir, contar con el apoyo

Fall back on (trans)
Resort to, rely on
It's always reassuring to have your parents to fall back on

118

Permitir que alguien sepa algo

Let SO in on ST (trans)
Allow to know about
He promised to let me in on the secret

119

Recordar, mirar hacia el pasado

Look back on (trans)
Remember, reminisce about
Occasionally he would look back on his time as a long-haired hippy

120

Compensar por

Make up for (trans)
Compensate for
He made up for her absence by working overtime

121

Sustituir, reemplazar

Stand in for (trans)
Step in for (trans)
Substitute, replace temporarily
Your teacher had an emergency so I will stand in for her for this class

122

Defender, alzarse en defensa de

Stand up for (trans)
Defend
We must all stand up for what we believe in

123

Hacer frente, enfrentarse

Stand up to (trans)
Confront
The best form of defence is attack. Stand up to whoever is nasty to you