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Flashcards in Enlightment Deck (20)
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1

What started and ended the Enlightment?

Began with Francis Bacon's writings in Novum Organum and ended with Emmanuel Kant's critique of pure reason

2

How were philosophers classified in the Enlightment

Rationalists and empiricists

3

What did Rationalists believe in?

They believed in reason being a source of knowledge

4

What did empiricists believe in?

They believed that knowledge is based on experiences derived from the senses

5

When and where was Thomas Jefferson born?

1743 in Virginia

6

Where and what did Thomas Jefferson study?

He studied law at the College of William and Mary

7

What were some of Thomas Jefferson's accomplishments?

He wrote the Declaration of Independence, he was president, Vice President, and governor of Virginia

8

How many sections is the Declaration of Independence divided into?

3

9

Describe the 1st section of the Declaration of Independence

It describes the political beliefs underlying the colonies decision to declare independence

10

Describe the 2nd section of the Declaration of Independence

List of complaints from colonies about the king's treatment, aka the 27 Grievances

11

Describe the 3rd section of the Declaration of Independence

Declares America's independence

12

When and where was Benjamin Franklin born?

Born in Boston January 17, 1706

13

What was his most famous published writing?

Poor Richards Almanac

14

What distinguished Poor Richards Almanac from any other almanac?

His witty aphorisms and lively willing

15

When did Franklin die?

April 17, 1790

16

When and where was Thomas Paine born?

Born January 29, 1737 in England

17

What is Thomas Paine credited for?

Uniting citizens and leaders behind the idea of independence

18

What document did Paine release supporting the French Revolution?

Rights of Man

19

When and where did Thomas Paine die?

He died in 1809 in New York

20

Where did the Enlightment take place and how long did it last?

Took place in Europe and lasted about half a century