Flashcards in Enlightment Deck (20)
What started and ended the Enlightment?
Began with Francis Bacon's writings in Novum Organum and ended with Emmanuel Kant's critique of pure reason
How were philosophers classified in the Enlightment
Rationalists and empiricists
What did Rationalists believe in?
They believed in reason being a source of knowledge
What did empiricists believe in?
They believed that knowledge is based on experiences derived from the senses
When and where was Thomas Jefferson born?
1743 in Virginia
Where and what did Thomas Jefferson study?
He studied law at the College of William and Mary
What were some of Thomas Jefferson's accomplishments?
He wrote the Declaration of Independence, he was president, Vice President, and governor of Virginia
How many sections is the Declaration of Independence divided into?
Describe the 1st section of the Declaration of Independence
It describes the political beliefs underlying the colonies decision to declare independence
Describe the 2nd section of the Declaration of Independence
List of complaints from colonies about the king's treatment, aka the 27 Grievances
Describe the 3rd section of the Declaration of Independence
Declares America's independence
When and where was Benjamin Franklin born?
Born in Boston January 17, 1706
What was his most famous published writing?
Poor Richards Almanac
What distinguished Poor Richards Almanac from any other almanac?
His witty aphorisms and lively willing
When did Franklin die?
April 17, 1790
When and where was Thomas Paine born?
Born January 29, 1737 in England
What is Thomas Paine credited for?
Uniting citizens and leaders behind the idea of independence
What document did Paine release supporting the French Revolution?
Rights of Man
When and where did Thomas Paine die?
He died in 1809 in New York