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Psychology > Enrichment Modules > Flashcards

Flashcards in Enrichment Modules Deck (18):
1

Flow

A completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one's skills.

2

Industrial-organizational (I/O) psychology

The application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces.

3

Personnel psychology

An I/O psychology subfield that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal, and development.

4

Organizational psychology

An I/O psychology subfield that examines organizational influences on worker satisfaction and productivity and facilitates organizational change.

5

Human factors psychology

An I/O psychology subfield that explores how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments can be made safe and easy to use.

6

Structured interviews

An interview process that asks the same job-relevant questions of all applicants, each of whom is rated on established scales.

7

Achievement motivation

A desire for significant accomplishment, for mastery of skills or ideas, for control, and for attaining a high standard.

8

Grit

In psychology, grit is passion and perseverance in the pursuit of long-term goals.

9

Task leadership

Goal-oriented leadership that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention on goals.

10

Social leadership

Group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support.

11

Catharsis

In psychology, the idea that "releasing" aggressive energy (through action or fantasy) relieves aggressive urges.

12

Feel-good, do-good phenomenon

People's tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood.

13

Subjective well-being

Self-perceived happiness or satisfaction with life. Used along with measures of objective well-being (for example, physical and economic indicators) to evaluate people's quality of life.

14

Adaptation-level phenomenon

Our tendency to form judgements (of sounds, of lights, of income) relative to a neutral level defined by our prior experience.

15

Relative deprivation

The perception that we are worse off relative to those with whom we compare ourselves.

16

Health psychology

A subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine.

17

Aerobic exercise

Sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety.

18

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)

As yet unproven health care treatments intended to supplement (complement) or serve as alternatives to conventional medicine, and which typically are not widely taught in medical schools, used in hospitals, or reimbursed by insurance companies. When research shows a therapy to be safe and effective, it usually then becomes part of accepted medical practice.