Enteral & Parenteral Nutrition Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology Final > Enteral & Parenteral Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Enteral & Parenteral Nutrition Deck (12):
1

Enteral feeding

Feeding though the GI tract 

ex: NG tube

Designed to fully meet or supplement nutritional needs 

2

Length of peripheral 

Less than 2 weeks 

3

Parenteral Nutrition

Feeding directly into the circulatory system (venous system) by IV

Total Parenteral Nutritin (TPN) 

Vitamins, minerals, amino acids, glucose 

4

Types of parenteral nutrition 

Peripheral

Central 

5

Length of central 

Long term (months) 

6

Amount of nutition suppled peripheral 

supplemental nutrition only

7

Amount of nutition suppled central

Total nutritional needs to be met

8

# of calories peripheral 

500-700 calories/day

9

# of calories for central 

2000-4000 calories/day

10

Reasons for parenteral nutrion 

  1. Cancer- radiation/chemotherapy
  2. GI illness that prevents oral feedings
  3. Extreme surgery
  4. Renal failure (reduces toxins) 
  5. Need for more nutition than can eat (ex. burn victim) 

11

S/E peripheral 

  • irriation of the vein (phlebitis) 
  • fluid overload

12

S/E central

  • infection of insertion site at subclavian or juglar vein 
  • hyperglycemia