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Flashcards in Enviromental Factors (2) Deck (18):

What impacts does textiles have on the environment

-due to the amount of energy needed to make and care for textiles product they often have a large carbon footprint.
-waste is produce
-energy and resources are used


What are possible solutions to reduce the issue that DYING (and the chemicals they use) produce?

- use cold water dies or toys that require less energy processing
-using renewable energy sources e.g. win turbines and solar energy.
-use natural dyes from plants and insects
-using natural coloured yarns such as cotton
-reduce the need for very dark dies which require a large amount of rinsing to remove excess dye


What are some issues caused by dying finishing processes

-require a lot of Energy to drive machinery
-use and contaminate large volumes of water


What is scientists doing to try and be more sustainable when it comes to managing plant and animal sources for materials

Scientists are exploring the possibility of producing natural materials without the use of plants and animals. For example the "victimless leather "is grown from cells in the laboratory and is called biotechnology


How can energy being used in the process of cleaning and maintaining materials be reduced?

-Providing a lot of information to the consumer to enable them to care for the product efficiently and effectively
-producing please can be washed at low temperatures in cold water
-using fabrics that require little or no ironing
-creating fabrics including the durable and easy to care for and repair (have a longer life span)


What are some possible methods of reusing and reducing the waste produced by offcuts from fabrics ?

-do use computerised labour clothing and pattern cutting to reduce the waste
-do use fabric scraps within the automotive industry or to produce products such as emergency relief blankets
-to look at ways of using waste textiles in the manufacture of new textiles products for example Mugi has a range of textile products made from textiles waste and excess yarn that would normally be thrown away.


What is design obsolescence?

When the fashion industry encourages consumers to continuously update on the latest trends even know that old clothes are still in good condition it generates a vast amount of potential waste


What disposal methods prevent materials from being wasted and save energy

-reuse the product e.g. sell to a charity shop
-recycle materials e.g. use the materials to make another product


What are some ways of reducing the impact on the environment in the DESIGN sector

-design products for durability comfort and function as opposed to fashion
-design products are reusable rather than disposable
-tried to source local materials to cut down on transportation


What are some ways of reducing the impact on the environment in the FABRICS sector

-consider the specification of the fabric e.g. think about using organic rather than in organic cotton
-consider the specification of the colours determining the dying printing and finishing processes used
-avoid using fabrics I need dry cleaning or special care
-consider using recycled materials


What are some ways of reducing the impact on the environment in the PRODUCTION sector

-consider the use of reusable pattern blocks
-review how to minimise fabric in yarn wastage
-Use processes to create less waste
Explore methods of reducing greenhouse gas emissions or use carbon offsetting


What are some ways of reducing the impact on the environment in the END USE sector

-provide clear after-care instructions
-include labels to give information about how to recycle the materials
-donate all resell items that are no longer needed to charity shops organisations in need


What does it mean to recycle products or materials

To reuse it.


What are the three main types of recycling?

-primary recycling : reused in its current state (taking old clothes to charity shops)
-physical or secondary recycling: the product is torn, shredded, melted or ground before being reused (Old wooden garments can be shredded and reuse the stuffing in bedding or industrial felting)
-Chemical or tertiary recycling- Products can be broken down in reformulated bracket PET plastic bottles can be broken down into five hours and then spun into polyester to make faces and duvets.


What are the three key reasons for recycling

-save energy
-save raw materials
-reduce the need to manufacture new products.


What are the six R's of recycling

recycle reuse reduce refuse rethink repair


What are some ethical ideas that have to be taken into consideration when the designer sourcing fabrics and components?

-where they came from
-how they were produced


What is the ethical trading initiative (ETI)

A group of companies charities and organisations that was founded in 1998 to work towards improving conditions in global supply chains