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Standard English - B2 > Environment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Environment Deck (49)
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1

genetikailag módosított élőlény

GMO (genetically modified organism)

/ dʒɪˈnɛtɪk ˈmɒdɪfʌɪ ˈɔːg(ə)nɪz(ə)m /

There is a lot of debate about whether GMOs should be used in agriculture.

2

környezettudatos

environmentally conscious

/ ɪnvʌɪrənˈmɛnt(ə)l, ɛn- ˈkɒnʃəs /

Consumers are getting more and more environmentally conscious nowadays.

3

talaj

soil

/ sɔɪl /

In the old days factories rereased waste into the soil, and now we have to clean it.

4

megőrzi a természet egyensúlyát

to keep the balance of nature

/ kiːp ðə ˈbal(ə)ns ɒv, (ə)v ˈneɪtʃə /

I don't really like the idea of hunting, but I suppose that it is necessary to keep the balance of nature.

5

biológiailag lebomló termékek

biodegradable products

/ ˌbʌɪə(ʊ)dɪˈgreɪdəb(ə)l ˈprɒdʌkt /

Bacteria break biodegradable products up to small pieces that are harmless to the environment.

6

korlátoz

to limit

/ ˈlɪmɪt /

I think governments should limit all kinds of harmful emissions and the production of hazardous waste.

7

szennyvíz

sewage

/ ˈsuːɪdʒ /

I'm really happy that nowadays sewage is cleaned before it gets to the rivers, lakes and seas.

8

fúrótorony

oil rig

/ ɔɪl rɪg /

Mistakes made on oil rigs can lead to huge natural disasters.

9

erdőtelepítés, erdősítés

reforestation

/ riːˈfɒrɪst /

More attention should be paid to reforestation to replace the forests that have been cut down.

10

szárazságot okoz

to bring about a drought

/ brɪŋ əˈbaʊt eɪ draʊt /

Destroying forests leads to changes in rainfall patterns, which may bring about a drought.

11

elsivatagosodás

desertification

/ dɛˌzəːtɪfɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)n /

You can fight desertification by planting the right plants and using irrigation.

12

vminek a felhalmozódása

accumulation of sth

/ əkjuːmjʊˈleɪʃ(ə)n ɒv, (ə)v /

I think the greenhouse effect is caused by the accumulation of industrial pollutants that reflect the sun's radiation back to earth.

13

dugódíj

congestion charge

/ kənˈdʒɛstʃ(ə)n tʃɑːdʒ /

I think the introduction of congestion charge can make a difference in the quality of air in inner cities.

14

árapály-energia

tidal power

/ ˈtʌɪd(ə)l ˈpaʊə /

I think tidal power is a really clean way to produce energy for those lucky countries that have a seashore.

15

biogazdálkodás

organic farming

/ ɔːˈganɪk ˈfɑːmɪŋ /

In organic farming no pesticides the crops, so the produce does not contain chemicals.

16

veszélyes hulladék

hazardous waste

/ ˈhazədəs weɪst /

Companies dealing with hazardous waste, like batteries and chemicals, should be overseen very carefully.

17

megszabadul vmitől

to dispose of sth

/ dɪˈspəʊz ɒv, (ə)v /

You should never dispose of batteries by simply throwing them away with other rubbish but always put them in a battery recycling bin.

18

vízszabályozás

regulation of waterways

/ rɛgjʊˈleɪʃ(ə)n ɒv, (ə)v ˈwɔːtəweɪ /

In Hungary, the regulation of waterways is extremely important to avoid problems caused by droughts and floods.

19

vminek a túlzott használata

excessive use of sth

/ ɪkˈsɛsɪv, ɛk- juːz ɒv, (ə)v /

The excessive use of air conditioners leads to pollution, and may also cause health problems.

20

rovarírtó szer

pesticide

/ ˈpɛstɪsʌɪd /

Farmers need pesticides to protect their crops, but their use should be strictly controlled.

21

konténer (üvegek gyűjtésére)

bottle bank

/ ˈbɒt(ə)l baŋk /

I always take old bottles to a bottle bank to recycle them.

22

háziállatok

domestic animals

/ dəˈmɛstɪk ˈanɪm(ə)l /

We have to take strict measures to protect domestic animals, both pets and farm animals, from cruelty.

23

szűr

to filter

/ ˈfɪltə /

Water has to be efficiently filtered before it can be used for drinking and cooking.

24

hibrid jármű

hybrid vehicle

/ ˈhʌɪbrɪd ˈviːɪk(ə)l /

Even though hybrid vehicles are more expensive to buy, they are cheaper to run.

25

üvegházhatás

greenhouse effect

/ ˈgriːnhaʊs ɪˈfɛkt /

Homes, factories, cars and aeroplanes contribute to the greenhouse effect by emitting harmful gases.

26

megelőző intézkedéseket/lépéseket tesz

to take protective measures

/ teɪk prəˈtɛktɪv ˈmɛʒə /

It is important to take protective measures to see that no irreversible harm is done to the environment.

27

élettér, környezet

habitat

/ ˈhabɪtat /

We should be careful not to destroy any more habitat of Hungarian wildlife.

28

talajvíz

ground water

/ graʊnd ˈwɔːtə /

It is extremely important to keep ground water clean, so it won't poison the soil.

29

eldobható

disposable

/ dɪˈspəʊzəb(ə)l /

Since disposable cups are so harmful to the environment, it's good if you get coffee cheaper when you own cup.

30

kezeletlen

untreated

/ ʌnˈtriːtɪd /

It is vital to stop factories from dumping intreated rubbish and sewage.