Flashcards in Environmental and Occupational Influences on Health Deck (24):
Something with the potential to cause harm
The likelihood of harm occurring
Define risk factor
Increases the risk of harm
Define protective factor
Decreases the risk of harm
Influences the likelihood that something will cause harm
Name 5 types of hazards
Name 4 routes of exposure
Name 3 factors that influence the degree of risk
How much a person is exposed
How the person is exposed
Conditions of exposure
What are the two foundations of risk
Probability that a particular outcome will occur and the severity of the harm involved
Do people perceive risks the same?
What are 3 principles that govern the perception of risk?
Feeling in control
Size of possible harm
Familiarity with the risk
Describe the feeling in control on perception of risk
Involuntary risk are perceived greater
Voluntary risks are perceived as less risk
Describe size of possible harm on perception of risk
Greater possible harm through to be greater risk, even though less harmful events are more likely
Describe the familiarity with risk on the perception of risk
Risks that are less familiar are thought to be greater risk
What is the general perception of risk?
More frightened by catastrophic risks, single events with large immediate consequences, than chronic risks where the damage is spread out over a long time
Name 7 individual variables that influence their risk perception
Attitudes towards risk
What are 3 direct pathological effects on health from the environment?
Physical: radiation, noise/vibration
Biological: infectious agents, allergens
What are 3 indirect pathological effects on health from the environment?
Transport (does it encourage walking or car use?)
Give 3 examples of hazardous exposure
Diet: fat, salt, bacteria
Inhalation: tobacco smoke, asbestos
Dermal: UV-A/B, bacteria
How does climate change affect health?
Natural disasters and variable rainfall pattern
Infection - water-borne disease
How many deaths a year occur due to harmful working conditions?
How many death have occurred due to occupation cancer?
8000 in UK, 4000 due to asbestos
How many cases of ill health due to work have been recorded?