Flashcards in Environmental factors affecting human growth and development Deck (12):
What is pollution?
-Contamination of water, air and soil by substances which are harmful to living organisms.
What is vehicle pollution?
What are household pollutants?
-Paints and solvents.
What are the effects of pollution?
-People moving out of cities.
-Staying inside=socially isolated.
-Bad quality of life.
-High blood pressure.
-Lung and stomach cancer.
What are respiratory disorders?
-Tobacco smoke, air pollution.
-Affect nerves and muscles for breathing.
-Affect lining of air passages.
-Running nose, sore throat, lung cancer, bacterial pneumonia.
What are cardiovascular problems?
-Changes in heart lining and blood vessels which cause blood clots=heart attacks.
-Blood clots, raised BP.
-Babies=congenital heart defects and CV disease.
What are allergies?
-Dust and pollen cause immune system to overreact.
-Inflamed airways and constricted.
What are the physical effects of poor housing conditions?
-Poor nutrition; skipping meals + unbalanced diet.
-Chronic illnesses, respiratory problems, eczema.
-Mould causes asthma.
-No electric or gas= no heating or lighting which results in hypothermia and not seeing anything so more prone to bone breaks.
-Lack of sleep due to stress.
What are the intellectual effects of poor housing conditions?
-Limited space to do schoolwork.
-Unable to concentrate at work or school due to stress.
-Poor educational facilities.
-Unemployment in poverty areas.
What are the emotional effects of poor housing conditions?
-Low self-esteem and self-confidence.
-Stress and worry about finances.
-Conflicts and arguments at home.
-Depression and suicide.
What are the social effects of poor housing conditions?
-Lack of social activities.
-Cramped house so cannot invite friends over.
-No garden to play in for children.
-Socially isolated because no money to go out with friends.