Environmental factors affecting human growth and development Flashcards Preview

Health and Social Chapter 2 > Environmental factors affecting human growth and development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Environmental factors affecting human growth and development Deck (12):
1

What is pollution?

-Contamination of water, air and soil by substances which are harmful to living organisms.

2

What is vehicle pollution?

-Carbon monoxide.
-Nitrogen oxides.
-Volatile compounds.

3

What are household pollutants?

-Household cleaners.
-Mould.
-Paints and solvents.
-Pool chemicals.

4

What are the effects of pollution?

-No tourism.
-People moving out of cities.
-Heart failure.
-Staying inside=socially isolated.
-Bad quality of life.
-High blood pressure.
-Lung and stomach cancer.

5

What are respiratory disorders?

-Tobacco smoke, air pollution.
-Affect nerves and muscles for breathing.
-Affect lining of air passages.
-Running nose, sore throat, lung cancer, bacterial pneumonia.

6

What are cardiovascular problems?

-Changes in heart lining and blood vessels which cause blood clots=heart attacks.
-Blood clots, raised BP.
-Babies=congenital heart defects and CV disease.

7

What are allergies?

-Dust and pollen cause immune system to overreact.
-Asthma.
-Inflamed airways and constricted.

8

What are the physical effects of poor housing conditions?

-Poor nutrition; skipping meals + unbalanced diet.
-Chronic illnesses, respiratory problems, eczema.
-Mould causes asthma.
-No electric or gas= no heating or lighting which results in hypothermia and not seeing anything so more prone to bone breaks.
-Lack of sleep due to stress.

9

What are the intellectual effects of poor housing conditions?

-Limited space to do schoolwork.
-Unable to concentrate at work or school due to stress.
-Poor educational facilities.
-Unemployment in poverty areas.

10

What are the emotional effects of poor housing conditions?

-Low self-esteem and self-confidence.
-Stress and worry about finances.
-Embarrassed.
-Social isolation.
-Conflicts and arguments at home.
-Depression and suicide.

11

What are the social effects of poor housing conditions?

-Lack of social activities.
-Cramped house so cannot invite friends over.
-No garden to play in for children.
-Socially isolated because no money to go out with friends.

12

What are the effects of living in a poor area on accessing services>

-Can't afford transport to go to doctors, and too far to walk so miss appointments.
-Low staff and low quality of services.
-Children can't access school so intellect affected.
-Prescriptions and medication not always free or available.
-Limited appointment spaces and times, unable to see doctor etc.