ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING PRODUCTION Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING PRODUCTION Deck (16):
1

What are the main ENVIRONMENT & MORAL ISSUES?

- Sourcing food
- Organic food
- Animal welfare issues
- Fair-trade food
- Food waste

2

Why is SOURCING FOOD becoming increasingly important to consumers?

- They're concerned about the distance food travels
- Food with large food miles is often NEGATIVELY seen by consumers
- They're is more promotion of regional foods in supermarkets because of this

3

What is deemed as LOCAL?

- Food sources within 30 mile radius if where its sold
- Some products have pics of the farmers on the front to measure them of its locality

4

What is the RSPCA?

- A non governmental organisation that campaigns on environmental health & animal welfare

5

What is ORGANIC food?

- Has severe restrictions on PESTICIDES & avoids ARTIFICIAL & CHEMICAL FERTILISERS
- Produced without any artificial CHEMICALS or HORMONES
- Must also follow standards of animal welfare
- Its sales are growing but still only a small proportion of people buy organic

6

What about CHEMICAL FERTILISERS?

- Without them many people would starve
- Best combination is of conventional & organic farming to provide best mix of EFFICIENCY & minimal ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE

7

What is LEAF?

= LINKING ENVIRONMENT AND FARMING
- Farming charity
- Membership scheme where farmers can adopt an INTEGRATED FARM MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

8

What does an INTEGRATED FARM MANAGEMENT SYSTEM do?

- Ensures food production has reduced impact on environment
- Means producers can then use LEAF mark on products

9

Why are we seeing a growth in ETHICAL CONSUMERISM?

- Celebrity chefs are caring more about animal welfare
- More documentaries about animal welfare
- Vegetarianism is a growing expression of concern for animal welfare issues

10

What are the consequences of this raised AWARENESS for ANIMAL WELFARE issues?

- We're buying more products made with minimal harm to HUMANS/ ANIMALS/ ENVIRONMENT
- Manufacturers are applying to RSPCA to qualify for their 'FREEDOM FOOD' logo

11

What are FAIR-TRADE Products?

= Adresses the INJUSTICES of trade
Ensure:
- Fair prices
- Decent working conditions
- Sustainability for farmers

12

What about FAIR-TRADE in the UK?

- Large variety of FT products in UK
- More awareness for FT in UK than anywhere else
- 20% Roast/ground coffee = FT
- 20% of Bananas = FT

13

What about FOOD WASTE In the UK?

-Waste Resources Action Programmes says UK throws away 6.7million tonnes of edible food a year
- Average of £420 worth of food per household
- FOOD PROCESSING also produces waste
- Inadequate STORAGE/ TRANSPORTATION of food = 40% of food is lost

14

What is wrong with FOOD WASTE?

- Food roots & produces METHANE GAS
- METHANE GAS = v harmful Greenhouse Gas
- Wastage = increased costs for manufacturers & consumers

15

What is COURTAULD COMMITMENT?

= Voluntary agreement between WRAP & major food retailers/ producers in the UK to make more EFFICIENT FOOD PACKAGING & tackle food waste

16

What is LOVE FOOD HATE WASTE?

= Campaign set up to raise awareness & reduce waste