Flashcards in Epidemiology, Immunization and Levels of Prevention Deck (19):
The degree to which those who do not have a disease screen/test negative.
The frequency with which a disease or disorder appears in a particular population or area at a given time; the rate at which new cases occur during a specific time period
The proportion of a population that is affected by a disease or disorder at a particular time; expressed as a percentage.
Adolescents: Major causes of death
CV or congenital disease
Young adults (20-39): Major causes of death
Middle-aged adults: Major causes of death
Breast and colorectal cancer
Elderly Adult: Major causes of death
Pneumonia and/or influenza
Lung and colorectal cancer
Includes measures to promote health prior to the onset of any recognizable problems:
Focuses on early identification and treatment of existing problems:
Pap smear, prostate screen, cholesterol screening.
SECONDARY is SCREENING
Includes rehabilitation and restoration of health
Substances capable of inducing a specific immune response
Molecules synthesized in reaction to an antigen
Conferred by antibody formation stimulated with a specific antigen such as typhoid fever immunization and toxoids
Conferred by the introduction of antibody proteins such as gamma globulin injections or maternal immunity transferred to the fetus
Decreases pneumococcal bacteremia in the elderly, does not decrease pneumonia in the elderly.
Hep A vaccine
Should be considered for military personnel, travelers to endemic areas, and men who have sex with men, among others
Hep B vaccine
Should be given to all health care workers and high risk patietns including sexually active adults
-Approved for ages 2-55
-Recommended routinely for adolescents at 11-12 year old visit and "catch up" for college, military, immunocompromised, travelers;
-Clinical efficacy not established; no revaccinations recommendations at this time.