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Flashcards in Epilepsy Deck (21):
1

Epilepsy is normally develop by which age groups

Very old and very young (bimodal peak)

2

Define Seizure

Paroxysmal excessive, synchronous, abnormal firing of neurons

3

Epilepsy is a disease (T/F) that increases the rate of depression and mortality of the sufferer (T/F)

F symptom
T

4

What is the most common cause of death in young people with epilepsy?

Sudden Unexplained Death in Epilepsy

5

Where do Jacksonian Seizures start?

in the arm and move to rest of the body

6

Define: Simple Partial Seizure

Depolarisation of only part of the brain, tends to affect the temporal lobe and lymbic system

7

What type of seizure is accompanied by an Aura?

Simple Partial Seizure

8

What is the Focal Discognitive Phase of a seizure?

Automatic behaviour no loss of tone (yes LOC)

9

What is stupor?

unconsciousness following a seizure

10

How is a secondary convulsive seizure characterised?

Convulsion and Frothing at the mouth

11

What is the underlying pathology of partial seizure?

Most common Structural Or metabolical abnormality

12

Partial Seizures respond well to medication T/F

F

13

when is this type more prevalent?

as people age

14

What is the underlying pathology of generalised seizure?

Most common Genetic basis (idiopathic)

15

Do generalised seizures respond well to medication? when is the onset?

YEs
Childhood

16

What is the most common cause of temporal lobe sclerosis?

Hyppocampal Sclerosis (Drug resistant)

17

What is the main function of the hyppocampus?

learning and memory

18

What is the most snesitive structure to seizures that can be resected if does not respond to treatment?

The hyppocampus (as in Hyppocampal Sclerosis )

19

What is epileptogenesis?

pro-epileptic changes before the development of seizures
Note: seizures initiate more seizures

20

How much is the genetic component of epilepsy?

1/3 (even in symptomatic seizures)

21

What is the first line of treatment for epilepsy?

Anti-epileptic drugs