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Flashcards in Eras Deck (27):
1

What had to occur before a distinctly American literature could exist?

Early writers had to cast off their childlike dependence on English literature.

2

Where was the first permanent settlement in the New World

Jamestown, Virginia

3

What sustained the Pilgrims through the hardships of their first years in New England?

Their will to succeed and their confidence in God's providential care.

4

What was the cause of Puritanism's decline?

Secular values were replacing religious and goals.
With material prosperity has come worldly interests and goals.

5

Because colonial literature naturally reflected the interests and concerns of its writers, it is not surprising that the earliest authors wrote mostly about -

Adversity

6

Once the colonists had established permanent settlers, the subject matter of literature predominately concerned -

Religion

7

Underlying the literary romanticism of the period of National Optimism was -

A national mood of optimism.
A spirit of confidence in the economy, political system and the citizenry of the nation.

8

Literary Romanticism was a revolt against the literary values of -

The previous age

9

As romanticism brought respectability to American letters, American writers made important contributions to what two genres:

Short story and novel

10

The crucial point in our national spirit came thus during -

American Romanticism

11

What event brought more attacks against the Bible than did any other source?

The publication of Dawrin's "Origin of Species"

12

The new literary spirit of romanticism dominated American American literature what years?

1820-1865

13

Realism and Naturalism appeared on the literary scene in the period -

1865-1914

14

The three major groups of writers during this period were -

Regionalists, realists, naturalists

15

The three writers who are considered the "masters of realism" are -

Howells, James, Clemens

16

How are naturalists best described? What is their belief?

They believe that life was controlled by inexplicable forces.

17

The Regionalists served as the transition between what two groups of writers?

Major romantics and major realists

18

What event in 1914 marked the end of the literary period characterized by the emergence of realism and naturalism?

Beginning of WWI

19

What spirit or literary force did each of the following authors embody?

Howells - embody the middle class spirit
James - embody the cosmopolitan or international spirit
Clemens - embody the frontier spirit

20

At the end of the literary period of realism and naturalism, what was the prevailing spirit?

Pessimism

21

What does literature of the 1930’s, like John Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath, generally emphasize?

Social issues

22

What primarily characterizes the Modern Era?

Pessimism

23

According to Freud, what is conscience a result of?

Social conditioning

24

What author and book have had the most significant lasting effects on the modern debasement of man?

Charles Darwin "Origin of Species"

25

What are the two contrasting and erroneous views of man that have affected the American thought since World War I?

Man is merely an animal and man is his own god.

26

What is the name of the substitute religion that defies man, rejects God and advocates a one-world system?

Humanism

27

Liberalism attempts to reconcile what two entities?

Traditional Christianity and modern world view