Flashcards in Erysipelothrix Deck (22):
What is the shape of Erysipelothrix?
Small rods or filaments
Tonsils and intestines and slime layer of fish
What % of healthy pigs harbor E. rhusiopathiae in tonsillar tissues?
Can Erysipelothrix survive in the environment?
What animal is the most important reservoir or Erysipelothrix?
What is the main pathogenicity of Erysipelothrix?
Production of neuraminidase
What does neuraminidase do?
Cleaves sialic acid causing vascular damage and thrombus formation
What virulence factor helps protect against phagocytosis and allows intracellular replication?
What virulence factor assists with adherance and invasion of endothelial cells?
What virulence factor assists with dissemination of bacteria within the tissues?
What virulence factor helps with adhesion?
spaA surface protein
Swine erysipelas and diamond skin disease are the common names of which E. species?
Diamond-shaped skin lesions that are pathognomic for swine erysipelas
Symptoms specific to one singular disease
What age of pigs are most susceptible to E. rhusiopathiae?
Pigs 3 mo. to 1 yr. old
What causes clinical cases to occur?
Treatment for E. rhusiopathiae
Penicillin or tetracycline
What is E. rhusiopathiae resistant to?
Vancomycin, aminoglycosides, sulfonamides
Occupational hazard for people who work in fish, poultry, or swine industry
Erysipeloid in humans