Essentials Ch 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Essentials Ch 9 Deck (31):
1

Size up involves observing the scene of an incident in order to answer the following questions:

What HAS happened
What IS happening
What IS GOING to happen
The ongoing evaluation of influential factors at the scene of an incident.
Pg 425

2

__________ is an important aspect of situational awareness.

Communication
Pg 426

3

During searches, safety guidelines are in place; work in teams of ____ or ______ and always remain in ______, _____, or ______ contact.

Two or more / physical, visual or vocal contact
Pg 427

4

Who can be a source of information about occupants who haven't been accounted for?

Witnesses
Pg 428

5

What are the two objectives of a structural search?

Searching for life (locating and removing victims using a primary and secondary search)
Assessing fire conditions (obtain info about the location and extent of the fire
Pg 430

6

Primary searches are done in this order of priority:

Most severely threatened (closest to fire or above)
Largest numbers (ares containing the largest possible number of victims)
Remainder of hazard zone (areas farthest from fire)
Exposures (interior and exterior)
Pg 431

7

When is the secondary search conducted?

After the primary and after initial fire suppression and ventilation has been completed (done by personnel not part of the primary search).
Pg 431

8

General methods for searches follow a ______ ______.

Systematic pattern
Pg 431

9

When you remove a victim from a room, which direction do you follow?

The opposite of which you came in.
Pg 431

10

List the different methods of searches:

General search
Oriented Search
Wide area search
TIC
Pg 431


11

What search method has an anchor person while other members spread out?

Oriented Search
Pg 435

12

What search method uses a dedicated search line (200 ft of 3/8" rope with a Kevlar sheath) and a minimum of 3 members?

Wide area search method
Pg 435

13

Does the lead or navigator directs the wide area search?

The lead has the search line, but the navigator has a light and TIC directing the search.
Pg 435

14

How far apart are 2 inch rings on a search line?

About 20 feet.
Pg 436

15

What do knots indicate on a search line?

Distance from the anchor point - each knot is 20 feet (i.e. 5 knots indicate 100 ft)
Pg 436

16

Are knots in front or behind the ring on a search line?

Knots are 'behind' the ring establishing directional indications - knots toward the fire, rings toward the exit.
Pg 436

17

Tethers are attached to the rings they are how long?

20 feet of 1/4" rope with a Kevlar sheath
Pg 436

18

Disadvantages of using a TIC for searches:

Cannot detect occupants behind furniture or opposite side of a wall
Cannot see through water or glass
Fragile and prone to mechanically fail
Pg 438

19

Using FEMA's marking system how do you start the first marker?

Upper Right corner to Lower Left corner in a 2 X 2 ft space
Pg 428

20

FEMA's marking system:

Above indicates the time of completion
Teams performing search on the left
Hazards on the Right
Victims on the lower / bottom
Pg 438

21

Victim removal from a hazard are done by:

Self-evacuation
Shelter in place
Rescue
Pg 439

22

When needing to rescue a victim, never pull the victim _______, instead pull:

Sideways/ pull along the long axis of the victim's body.
Pg 440

23

List the types of drags or carries for victim removal:

Incline Drag
Webbing drag
Cradle in arms drag
Seat lift/Carry
Moving a victim onto a litter
Extremities lift/carry
Pg 442

24

What method should be used to stay low due to heat and smoke?

Webbing drag
Pg 441

25

What does LUNARS stand for?

Location
Unit
Name
Assignment
Resources needed
Situation
Pg 447

26

With survival tactics what is the leading contributor to firefighter deaths?

Panicking, vital to remain calm
Pg 449

27

When a MAYDAY does occur, you have three possible courses of action:

Remain in place
Seek safe haven
Escape
Pg 450

28

Following a hose line out to safety, which direction do you follow on the hoseline?

Male side of hoseline - female has a smooth side with smaller lugs, male has larger lugs. Again female faces fire, male faces water supply.
Pg 451

29

What is the NFPA standard for requiring a RIC/RIT

NFPA 1500

30

What should strap is loosened to self extricate in a room?

Right shoulder strap
Pg 471

31

Your safety and the safety of your team members depends on your application of ______ ____ and _______ ______.

Size up and situational awareness
Pg 425