Flashcards in Essentials Ch 9 Deck (31):
Size up involves observing the scene of an incident in order to answer the following questions:
What HAS happened
What IS happening
What IS GOING to happen
The ongoing evaluation of influential factors at the scene of an incident.
__________ is an important aspect of situational awareness.
During searches, safety guidelines are in place; work in teams of ____ or ______ and always remain in ______, _____, or ______ contact.
Two or more / physical, visual or vocal contact
Who can be a source of information about occupants who haven't been accounted for?
What are the two objectives of a structural search?
Searching for life (locating and removing victims using a primary and secondary search)
Assessing fire conditions (obtain info about the location and extent of the fire
Primary searches are done in this order of priority:
Most severely threatened (closest to fire or above)
Largest numbers (ares containing the largest possible number of victims)
Remainder of hazard zone (areas farthest from fire)
Exposures (interior and exterior)
When is the secondary search conducted?
After the primary and after initial fire suppression and ventilation has been completed (done by personnel not part of the primary search).
General methods for searches follow a ______ ______.
When you remove a victim from a room, which direction do you follow?
The opposite of which you came in.
List the different methods of searches:
Wide area search
What search method has an anchor person while other members spread out?
What search method uses a dedicated search line (200 ft of 3/8" rope with a Kevlar sheath) and a minimum of 3 members?
Wide area search method
Does the lead or navigator directs the wide area search?
The lead has the search line, but the navigator has a light and TIC directing the search.
How far apart are 2 inch rings on a search line?
About 20 feet.
What do knots indicate on a search line?
Distance from the anchor point - each knot is 20 feet (i.e. 5 knots indicate 100 ft)
Are knots in front or behind the ring on a search line?
Knots are 'behind' the ring establishing directional indications - knots toward the fire, rings toward the exit.
Tethers are attached to the rings they are how long?
20 feet of 1/4" rope with a Kevlar sheath
Disadvantages of using a TIC for searches:
Cannot detect occupants behind furniture or opposite side of a wall
Cannot see through water or glass
Fragile and prone to mechanically fail
Using FEMA's marking system how do you start the first marker?
Upper Right corner to Lower Left corner in a 2 X 2 ft space
FEMA's marking system:
Above indicates the time of completion
Teams performing search on the left
Hazards on the Right
Victims on the lower / bottom
Victim removal from a hazard are done by:
Shelter in place
When needing to rescue a victim, never pull the victim _______, instead pull:
Sideways/ pull along the long axis of the victim's body.
List the types of drags or carries for victim removal:
Cradle in arms drag
Moving a victim onto a litter
What method should be used to stay low due to heat and smoke?
What does LUNARS stand for?
With survival tactics what is the leading contributor to firefighter deaths?
Panicking, vital to remain calm
When a MAYDAY does occur, you have three possible courses of action:
Remain in place
Seek safe haven
Following a hose line out to safety, which direction do you follow on the hoseline?
Male side of hoseline - female has a smooth side with smaller lugs, male has larger lugs. Again female faces fire, male faces water supply.
What is the NFPA standard for requiring a RIC/RIT
What should strap is loosened to self extricate in a room?
Right shoulder strap