Estate Trust Taxation Flashcards
How is Gift taxation different from Estate taxation?
Property transferred while taxpayer is living
What is the annual exclusion amount for a taxpayer’s Gift taxation? What is required to get the exclusion?
$14,000 per year per spouse to each individual
In order to get the exclusion, the recipient must immediately acquire a present interest in the property and get unrestricted access to the property and all of its benefits
If a Gift is an annuity, what value is used for the Gift?
If the Gift is an annuity, use Present Value to determine the gross Gift
What is the basic Gift tax calculation?
- 1/2 of Gifts (treated as given by spouse)
- Total # of donees x $14,000 exclusion
= Taxable Gift
How is a Gift taxed if a recipient gains a future ownership in the Gifted property?
Recipient must gain ownership and all rights to property to get the annual exclusion. If recipient merely gains a future ownership, then the present value of the Gift is 100% taxable to donor and cannot exclude from Gift tax calc
What are the deductions for Gift tax, besides the annual exclusion?
Tuition and medical expenses paid directly to the provider organization (note: NOT books or dorm fees)
Unlimited Gifts to spouse
What is the basis of Gifted property for the recipient?
If a loss on sale, basis is FMV on the date of the Gift
If a gain on sale, basis is same as donor’s basis
No G/L if donor basis is less than sales price, and sales price is less than FMV @ Gift date
How/when are Gift tax returns filed?
Calendar-year basis only
Due April 15
What are the basic characteristics of complex Trust?
Income distributions are optional
Accumulation of income ok
Charitable contributions ok
Contributions using tax-exempt income are not deductible
Allowed personal exemption of $100
Key Point: Distribution of Trust corpus (principal) ok
What are the basic characteristics of a Simple Trust?
Income distributions mandatory
Accumulation of income disallowed
No charitable contributions
Distribution of Trust corpus DISALLOWED
Allowed personal exemption of $300
How are Net Operating Losses handled in a Trust?
Trusts can have a Net Operating Loss
Any unused NOL flows through to the beneficiaries
How are expenses and fees related to tax-exempt income handled in a Trust?
Expenses and fees from tax-exempt income are not deductible for either a Complex or Simple Trust
When is property transferred in an Estate?
After the death of the donor
What amount of a decedent’s Estate is exempt from Estate Tax?
The First $5,430,000 is exempt with a 40% tax on amount above that
How are a decedent’s medical expenses handled with respect to an Estate?
Medical expenses paid after death, but incurred within 1 year of death go on decedents personal tax return