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Flashcards in ethical implications Deck (14)
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What are ethical implications?

No say in how findings are represented in media
May impact rights of participants
Influence on public policy, the way people are regarded


What is social sensitivity?

Sieber and Stanley: studies in which there are potential consequences for participants or those represented by research
Psychologists should not shy away from this
Have a social responsibility to carry it out


What are the concerns researchers should be mindful of when conducting socially sensitive research?

Uses/public policy


Why are implications an issue?

Carefully consider wider effects
Gives scientific credence to discrimination
Implications may be difficult to predict at outset


How are uses/public policy an issue?

What would happen if it was used for wrong purpose?
Adapted by government for political ends


How is validity an issue?

Objective findings of past have proved to be suspect or fraudulent
Social constructionist researchers now are more up front about their biases (reflexivity)


Describe Burt’s research

Influential in establishing 11+ examination
Used to determine whether children had secondary modern education or went to grammar school
Based on evidence that intelligence was genetic
Revealed he had made this up, 11+ remained for a few years


Evaluation - benefits of socially sensitive research

Scarr - studies of underrepresented groups promotes greater understanding
Benefits to society
Research into EWT reduced risk of miscarriage of justice


Evaluation - framing the question

Warnings about way research questions are phrased - may influence interpretations by media
Kitzinger and Coyle - research into alternative relationships has heterosexual bias
Investigators must have open mind


Evaluation - who gains?

Packard - research into subliminal messages + persuasion
Sales of Coke and popcorn increased when these images flashed up on cinema screens
This was actually made up
Manipulated the public
Used by marketing companies to advertise


Evaluation - social control

Sterilisation of ‘feeble-minded’ citizens in US
Low IQ, addicts, mentally ill
Supported by psychological community


Evaluation - costs and benefits

Ethics committee weighs costs and benefits of research
May be difficult to anticipate social consequences
Assessments are subjective


Describe Goddard’s research

Issued IQ tests to immigrants, majority were ‘feeble-minded’


What is Gould’s idea of scientific racism?

Criticised Goddard and other research on race and IQ
Intelligence is not a measurable entity
Cultural bias in IQ tests