Ethical Thought (Meta-Ethical Approaches) Flashcards Preview

Ethic's Year 2 > Ethical Thought (Meta-Ethical Approaches) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ethical Thought (Meta-Ethical Approaches) Deck (9)
Loading flashcards...
1

Objective

Based on facts.

2

Subjective

Based on personal factors.

3

Realist

Moral terms lead to something real and 'out there in the universe'.

4

Anti-realist

Moral terms do not refer to any thing real, are just an expression of feelings.

5

Cognitive

A proposition which can be true of false as it relates to facts in the real world.

6

Non cognitive

A statement with no factual truth value and cannot be known to be true or false.

7

Naturalism introduction

First used by Moore to describe the view that ethical terms could be defined or explained in the same natural terms to define maths or english.
It's A Posteriori meaning its based on evidence.
Naturalist's believe that we can deduce moral conclusions from non moral premises, eg. From observation and analysis.

8

Example and explanation of Naturalism

If I see the murder of an innocent, I perceive it as wrong and also see the factual points of what actually happened and who did it. The wrongness of this act is as much a fact of the universe as the fact that sticking a knife into someones heart can stop the heart working. This means that moral facts are not opinions, like or dislikes, they are facts of the universe instead.

9

Different types of naturalism

Ethical egoists say that moral values can be explained in terms of facts about human psychology.
Utilitarians claim that moral judgements are simply judgements about how much pleasure and for how many people it will effect.