Ethics Flashcards Preview

EBC 2 Midterm > Ethics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ethics Deck (13)
Loading flashcards...
1

How did biomedical research ethics come about?

A result of abuse to research participants in the past

2

Research was often carried out on who?

Prisioners
Orphans
Mentally Ill

3

The Nerenburg code only dealt with healthy people and the control of research was left up to?

Scientists

4

The declaration of helenski was developed by world medical association to remedy what?

Nermeburg Code

5

What 3 principles of research ethics were included in the belmont report?

Autonomy
Beneficence
Justice

6

What is the principle of respect for persons, especially those with dimished autonomy?

Autonomy

7

What supports the well-being of research subjects by maximizing benefits while minimizing harms?

Beneficience

8

What is the distribution of benefits, burdens, and risks of research should be equitable between societal groups?

Justice

9

Research subject must be given the opportunity to choose what shall or shall not happen to them. This is known as?

Informed Consent

10

Signed informed consent must be obtained from who?

Every research participant

11

Informed consent document must be written in "lay language" that is understandable to who?

People being asked to participate

12

The informed consent document should explain what?

Purpose of research
benefits and risks
confidentiality
study contact for questions
how adverse events are dealt with
that the pts are volunteering and can withdraw at any time

13

An authoritative principle, belief, or statement of ideas or opinion, especially one considered to be absolutely true is known as?

Dogma (belief taken to the extreme)