Ethics And Jurispudence Flashcards Preview

Spring 2016 > Ethics And Jurispudence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ethics And Jurispudence Deck (59):
1

What is the biological theory

The individual had a biological predisposition to the specific ethical flaw

2

What is the learning theory?

The individual determined their stance after previous socialization

3

What is the developmental theory

Actions are determined by intellectuals and emotional stages of development

4

What is the deontological concept

Focuses on the rightness and wrongness of the actions themselves

5

What is ethics

Ethics is the philosophy and study of concepts of right and wrong

6

What is morality

The principle concerning the actions of right and wrong

7

What is etiquette

The code of behavior that stipulates the behavior of a society

8

Utilitarianism

Is a theory of normative ethics holding that the best moral action the one that maximizes utility

9

Chivalry

Being exceptionally polite system of behavior

10

Jurisprudence

The science,study and theory of law

11

Sentencing

A sentence is a decree of punishment the final explicit act of judge ruled process

12

Lucifer effect

When good individuals turn bad

13

Superogatories

Going beyond the call of duty ,more than required

14

Miranda warnings

Is a right silence warming given by the police to criminal suspects in police custody to interrogation

15

What is malfeasance

The commission (as by a public officials)of a wrongful or unlawful affecting the performance of ones duty

(Illegal act)

16

Misfeasance

When there is a duty of care to be done and it is done improperly

(Improper act)

17

Nonfeasance

Failure to act which causes harm
(No harm)

18

What are the three main theories of ethical dilemmas

Biological
Learning
Developmental

19

What are ethical breaches

Ethical breaches a concept of right or wrong when a criminal justice practitioner defies a rule it is an ethical breach

20

What are some factors that cause ethical breaches

Overwork
Stress
Burnout
Low Salary
Cynicism
Poor family support

21

What are ethical breaches

Ethical breaches a concept of right or wrong when a criminal justice practitioner defies a rule it is an ethical breach

22

What are some factors that cause ethical breaches

Overwork
Stress
Burnout
Low Salary
Cynicism
Poor family support

23

What are the five main branches of ethics

Meta-Ethics
Normative ethics
Applied ethics
Descriptive ethos
Professional ethics

24

Meta ethics

The meaning of ethical system

25

Normative ethics

What people ought to do

26

What is applies ethics

Application of ethical principles to specific issues

27

What is the beliefs about what is rights or wrong

Descriptive ethics

28

What is professional ethics ?

These are behavior of certain professions or groups

29

What was Aristotle's focus on ethics

Virtue

30

What was Emmanuel Kants focus on ethics

Duty

31

What was John mills focus on ethics

Utility

32

What is the teleological approach to ethics

It states that ethics is dependent on the results of the situations

Morality of an act is determined therefore by its consequence

33

A lie that looks like it will not result in dire consequences is not permitted under formalism because consequences are never known for certain and lying conflicts with your moral duty

True

34

What is formalism

Defines moral judgements in terms of their logical form rather than content

35

What is legal paternalism

Paternalism is the interference of a state or an individual Woburn another person against their will and defended or motivated by s claim that the person interfered with will be better off it protected fro harm

36

People progress through stages of moral reasoning ;some reach to the top while others simply do not is an example of whose theory

Kohlberg theory

37

The code of conduct for students is situated where?

The academy of Criminal Justice Sciences

38

Duty only exists with potential consequences being considered first

Kants theory

39

The history of law can be traced back to what

The Code of Hammurabi

40

What is an ethical issue

An ethical issue is a situation in which it is difficult to make a decision ,either because it is not clear what is the right action or the right action has a negative consequence

41

What is the hedonistic calculus

This is concerned with the measuring the potential rewards of crime against the amount of threatened pain to deter people from committing crime

42

Morals can be defined as

The general tiles that prescribe proper behavior

43

With regards to ethical codes the problem of enforcement suggests that

Violations of ethical codes are not always detected

44

_______ tells how people should interact with others in social relations

Etiquette

45

Who said "The unexamined life is not worth living"

Aristotle

46

The ultimate good is _______

Happiness

47

The exercise of moral virtue is guided by four Cardinal virtues

Prudence
Temperance
Fortitude
Justice

48

Life ,justice and happiness are typically considered to be

Intrinsic goods

49

Deontological theories of moral decision making focus on

Our mora duties and obligations

50

In looking at out individual actions can't distinguishes between duties and.......

Inclinations

51

The teleological approach

Because of decides ethical questions based in the good that results from an action

52

There are two causes according to Mill for an unsatisfactory life

Selfishness and lack of mental cultivation

53

A priori is

Knowledge that is independent of experiences

54

A posteriori

Knowledge that comes from experience

55

Moral beliefs vary from person to person and ones beliefs and practices are not more right or wrong than another

Relativisim

56

the governments can legitimately create and impose law only when it is necessary to prevent people from harming others

The harm principle

57

The government should pass laws to protect citizens from themselves to

Paternalism

58

Prisons are filled with poor and powerless is what example of crime

Structural conflict

59

What is the ontological concepts

Ontology is the study or concern about what kinds of things exist ,what entities there are in the universe concepts are universe and particular substances and accident abstract and concrete objects essence and existence