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A Level - Ethics Summary > Euthanasia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Euthanasia Deck (13)
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1

law

1961
Pvs passive euth allowed
Hippo oath

- 82% in 2007

2

sanctity of life bible

10 comm
Good Samaritan, Luke 10
gen 1:27
1 cor 6:9
OT covenant

3

strong sanctity of life

Lactanius, sacred animals

RCC
- culture of death
life is sacred (dec on euthanasia 1980)
in conj with god plan
diff between killing and letting die

(- PVs, living?
- James Rachels?)

4

weak sofl

gen 1:28
murder is evil, euthanasia is kind
PVS is not living

5

quality of life factors

fear
dignity
burden
control

6

people on personhood

singer - human life needs quality
worth of life varies
respect desire to live
no dist. of species

warren: reason, communic, sense of self
greeks: psyche, bios, zoe
glover - living is not enough
locke - need to think and reflect
selling - relate to others
kung - free will

7

criticisms of q of l

relativist
sanctity of life
varies
ruins rel
Macintyre, slippery slope (- Helga Kushe)

8

double effect

Jodie and mary

action is not bad
good = bad
reason = god

9

natural law

passive is allowed, double effect
divine law is against
1) ordered society, slippery slope
2) preserve life (Aug, suicide is failure of duty to protect life)
reason against euth
apparent good
double effect, intention

10

situation ethics

fletcher pres. 1974-76
cons and weak sofl (euthanasia - not always right)
death control
suicide = euthanasia
categories: IQ, comm, concern, control
working principles and 6 props

11

util

Bentham - HC yes if in pain
Mill - yes if in PVS, cannot experience HP
Preference util: speciesist, see singer above

12

case studies

autonomy
- diane pretty
- tony nicklinson
- baby Charlotte
- simon binner

double effect
- mary and Jodie

13

case studies which are exceptions to the rule

baby Charlotte
- against sanctity of life

alfie evans (april 2018)
- against personhood
- 2 years old, degenerative neurological problem
- supported by pope
- courts ruled against treating life
- turned off life support, semi-vegetative state but did not die - continued to breathe for a week before he died