Evidence-Based Medicine: Review of Concepts Flashcards Preview

Digestive, Endocrine, and Metabolic Systems > Evidence-Based Medicine: Review of Concepts > Flashcards

Flashcards in Evidence-Based Medicine: Review of Concepts Deck (10):
1

What is evidence-based medicine?

The integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values

2

The best research evidence is ____________.

systematic review of RCTs

3

What three questions should you ask when evaluating a systematic review?

- Are the results valid?
- Are the results meaningful?
- Are the results relevant to my practice?

4

What questions can you ask to assess if the results of a systematic review are valid?

- Did the reviewers use the best available evidence?
- Did the reviewers describe a comprehensive search?
- Were the individual studies assessed for validity?
- Did the reviewers begin with a clear, focused question?

5

Good questions to begin with ________________.

(1) are restricted to a defined population, (2) have a specified set of measured outcomes, and (3) pick one intervention

6

What is the difference between a systematic review and a meta-analysis?

Systematic reviews collect studies and compare each study's effect, while meta-analysis numerically averages each study effect, giving a single number.

7

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) is now called the _______________.

National Academy of Medicine (NAM)

8

What distinguishes a narrative literature review from a systematic review?

Literature reviews do not use a defined system and are thus subject to selection bias.

9

What criteria need to be defined in a good systematic review?

PICOS
Population
Intervention
Comparison/control
Outcome
Study types

10

What is publication bias?

Studies with positive results are more likely to be published, so searching from only published results yields a sample that is more likely to contain false positives.

Decks in Digestive, Endocrine, and Metabolic Systems Class (133):