Flashcards in Evidence-Based Medicine: Review of Concepts Deck (10):
What is evidence-based medicine?
The integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values
The best research evidence is ____________.
systematic review of RCTs
What three questions should you ask when evaluating a systematic review?
- Are the results valid?
- Are the results meaningful?
- Are the results relevant to my practice?
What questions can you ask to assess if the results of a systematic review are valid?
- Did the reviewers use the best available evidence?
- Did the reviewers describe a comprehensive search?
- Were the individual studies assessed for validity?
- Did the reviewers begin with a clear, focused question?
Good questions to begin with ________________.
(1) are restricted to a defined population, (2) have a specified set of measured outcomes, and (3) pick one intervention
What is the difference between a systematic review and a meta-analysis?
Systematic reviews collect studies and compare each study's effect, while meta-analysis numerically averages each study effect, giving a single number.
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) is now called the _______________.
National Academy of Medicine (NAM)
What distinguishes a narrative literature review from a systematic review?
Literature reviews do not use a defined system and are thus subject to selection bias.
What criteria need to be defined in a good systematic review?