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Flashcards in Evolution Deck (14):
1

Fossil

The remains or physical evidence of an organism preserved by geological processes

2

Fossil Record

A timeline of life made by scientists who study fossils

3

Adaptation

A characteristic that improves the chances of survival and reproduction

4

Species

A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to produce fertile offspring

5

Theory of Evolution

The process in which populations change over generations through natural selection and mutations

6

Charles Darwin

In 1859 wrote an essay called " On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection"

7

Natural Selection

1) Overproduction
2) Inherited Variation
3) Struggle to Survive
4) Successful Reproduction

8

Mutations

Mistakes during DNA replication can cause changes in organisms

9

Speciation

The formation of new and distinct species in the caes of evolution

10

Primate

A group of mammals that includes humans, apes, and monkeys

11

Hominids

Group of primates that includes humans and their human-like ancestors

12

Bipedalism

Walking on two legs, characteristic of all hominids

13

Neanderthals

Lived in Europe, went extinct around 30,000 years ago

14

Homo Sapiens

First appeared between 100,000 and 160,000 years ago