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Flashcards in Ex 1 Part 2 Deck (36):
1

What is the inability to conceive within 12 moths of attempting to get pregnant?

Infertility

2

What is women who have had 2-3 pregnancy losses or who ovulate infrequently or men who have sperm abnormalities?

Subfertility

3

In the preconceptual period what is important for the brain an nervous system?

Iron, zinc, iodine, puff, vit a, b6, b12, folate, copper, selenium, protein

4

In the preconceptual period what is important for the placental function and structure?

Iron, pufa, vit E C, b12, folate, zinc, selineum, copper.

5

In the preconceptual period what is important for inflammation and immune function?

Vit A, D, zinc, fattier acid

6

In the preconceptual period what is important for embryogenesis ?

Vit A, b6, b12, folate, zinc

7

What will help woman increase fertility?

Vitamin D, folic acid, iron, protein, pufa, less caffeine

8

What is important in increasing fertility in males?

D, C, calcium, zinc, low glycemic index, less caffeine, protein, soy

9

During pregnancy what happens to blood volume, water soluble components of blood and blood lipids?

^ blood volume and blood lipids. Decrease in water sol

10

During pregnancy what happens to HR and cardiac output, BP.

Hr and cardiac output increase, Low BP in first half, high in second. Low mg and ac assocaited with higher BP

11

What happens to sodium retention during pregnancy?

Increases

12

What happens to glomerular dilation rate during pregnancy?

Increase

13

What happens to insulin resistance in pregnancy?

It occurs in 3rd tri

14

What happens to protein synthesis and nitrogen excretion?

Protein up nitrogen down

15

What happens to fats in pregnancy?

Store in first half mobilize in second

16

What happens to metabolism in pregnancy?

Fasts longer than 12 hours can greatly increase production of keystone bodies

17

What percentof glucose delivered from maternal civilization is used by placenta?

30-40%

18

What are some causes of IUGR? (Intrauterine growth restriction ?

Small placenta, infection, hypertension, preeclampsia, malnution, small material size, drugs, young age

19

What increases the risk of miscarriage ( 3 things)

Under weight mom, vitamin E and D def, oxidative stress,

20

What nutrient may decrease the likelyhood of preterm delivery ?

Folic acid

21

How may more cals a day in the second tri?

340

22

How many more cals a day in the 3rd tri?

452

23

Protein in first half of pregnancy?

0.8 of current weight

24

Protein in second half of preg?

1.1

25

What are some important micronutrients during pregnancy?

Folate, b12, b6, choline. C,d,a,k.

26

Severe _____deficiency impairs fetal neurodevelopment?

Iodine

27

Required for DNA synth and fetal growth?

Folate

28

Required for protein metabolism ?

B6

29

Required for cell signaling and nerve transmission?

Choline

30

How much weight should an underweight mother gain during pregnancy?

28-40

31

How much weight should a normal weight mother gain during pregnancy?

25-35 pounds

32

How much weight should an over weight person gain during pregnancy?

15-25

33

How much weight should an obese mom gain during preg?

15-20

34

How much weight should a mom carrying twins gain during preg?

35-45 pounds

35

What is the definition of epigenetics ?

Stable changes to gene structure without changing DNA sequence

36

What inactivated cortisol during pregnancy?

11 B-hydroxysteriod dehydrogenase type 2 (11B-HSD2)