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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (21):
1

Sociology

The study of people as participants in and creators of society

2

Life chances

one's ability to experiance life and all its beneficial offerings

3

Personal troubles

Matters involving a persons character and his or her relations with others over which the individual has control.

affects relativley few people

4

Public issues

Have to do with matters that transcend the local enviornment of the individiual

5

Sociological imagination

a way of thinking that enables individuals to understand how they are affected by broad features of society in which they live

6

Homogenization of news

a process which produces a single perspective/ analysis of complex stories regardless of the variety of media sources we consult

7

core concepts

fundemental ideas that are helpful in analyzing features of US society as well as those of other societies

8

functinoalist perspective

human society is natruarlly stable harmonious social system maintained by a culture that includes values, rules, and practicies widely shared

9

social facts

social and cultural features of society existing independently of the individuals who make it up, which influence peoples behavior

10

conflict perspecitve

social splits and divisions that often characterize human society. Heterogenity and diversity are stressed

11

capitalism

an economic system where the means of production is owned by relativly few

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bourgeoise

capitalist class (affluent individuals)

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proletariat

working class

14

false consciousness

people not understanding that capitalism itself created their poverty and misery

15

class consciousness

workers would understand that capitalism is itself the problem and that heir proverty/poor working conditions could be ended only with socialism

16

socialism

Worker ownership of and control over the societys means of production

17

social stratification

the bases on which different positions and the people in them are ranked from high to low in terms of wealth, prestiege and power

18

bureaucracy

an organiziation in which people perform specialized roles under a system of explicit rules and within a herarchy of authority

19

human agency

ability of humans to react to and change social conditions surrounding them

20

social determinism

stresses the importance of societys features as determinants of what happens to individuals

21

symbolic interactionism

goes against conflict and funcitonalist perspectives and views people as individuals, intelegent social actors that initiate change in response to symbolic events