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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (54)
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1

“The House Carpenter”

-British American Ballard
-Story Form
-Strophic Form
-Characteristics: 3rd person, straight forward, minimal approach
-runs away w/ man leaves child, goes on boat and dies with lover.
-No instruments besides voice.

2

"Barbara Allen"

-Man is sick and he wants barbry allen to come to him
-British American Ballard
-Strophic Form-just verses
-3rd person
-Only voice
-Everyone dies in the end

3

“Pretty Polly”

-Sung by Pete Steele
-Banjo
-Man asking polly to go with him, she says yes and he murders her by stabbing her.
-Valley and hills so deep

4

"Pretty Polly" Version 2

-Sung by E.C Ball
-Guitar
-Slow and more country sounding, deep voice
-less ornament

5

"The Two Sisters"

-No instrument
-British American Ballad
First line repeated and refrain in italics ->
-"I'll be true to my love if my love is true to me"
-Stophic form

6

“Old Kimball”

• Was derived from a ballad about a racehorse
named Skewball and a race in the BriAsh Isles
– This ballad about Skewball made its way to New
England and the South
-Stophic form-verse and chorus

7

“John Henry”

-African American Ballad
-1870
-West Virginia moutains
-Folk about a man named john henry working in a railroad faster then machines
-Strophic form- verses

8

Sacred Harp

-Communal singing
-religious
-Name of tunebook
-1844

9

“Wondrous Love”

-Sacred Harp
-based on ballad captin kidd

10

"Greenwich"

-Sacred Harp
-Non stropic
-Starts with fasola, then singing

11

“Amsterdam”

-Sacred harp
-fasola then text

12

Spirituals

-Late 18th century - though civil war era
-created for and by blacks

13

Ring Shout

-Type of spirtual
-Shuffle dance thing
-1845
-Christian worship for black

14

“Run, Old Jeremiah”

-Spirtual
-Work song
-Call and response

15

“Sign of the Judgement”

-Ring shout
-Polyrhythm- more then one rhythm playing at once
-Call and response
Heterogeneous sound ideal – contrasting
timbres

16

"Run Mary Run, you got a right to tree of life"

-Ring shout
-Polyrhythmic
-Percussive approach

17

Trouble so Hard

-folk spiritual (non shout)
-call and response
-strophic form-verse -chorus

18

The Fisk Jubilee Singers

Established in 1871
• Fisk College (now University) in Tennessee
• Go on tour to raise money for the college

19

"Wade In water"

-Concert spiritual
-Stropic Form
-Verse - chorus
-Call and response

20

Harmony

pitches heard together; in tonal music,
system of funtional chords

21

"Oh Freedom"

-Concert Spiritual

22

"The New Buryin' ground"

-Heterogeneous sound ideal, call and response
-Rich harmonies

23

Singing spirituals as a strategy of resistance

Mental resistance to oppression: themes in the texts
– The slaves’ desire for freedom (in the here and
now, not just in the akerlife)

– The slaves’ desire for justice upon those who
betrayed them (e.g., slave masters)
– Belief that those who led a good Christian life would be rewarded on Judgement Day

24

"Am I soilder of the cross"

- Isaac Watts (1674-1748)
-"Dr. Watts Song"
-a leader sings out (or chants) a line of text that is
then echoed by a group - Called lining out, Dr. Watt came up with it (Dr. Whatt singing)
-Slow tempo

25

Work Songs

"Let your Hammer Ring"
"Mighty Bright Light"
"Go Down Old Hannah"

26

Minstrel Show

-Full-length theatrical entertainment
featuring performers in blackface who
performed songs, dances, and comic skits
based on parodies and stereotypes of African
American life and manners
-First form of pop culture 1840-1880
-George Washington Dixon
Thomas Dartmouth Rice
(T.D. Rice)

27

"De Boatman's Dance"

-1843
-Dan Emmit
-Minstrel
-Male voices
• Banjo
• Fiddle
• Tambourine
• Bones

28

"Old Uncle Ned"

-1848
-Minstrel
-Stephen Foster (1826-1864)

29

"Race Records"

Recording of black to sell to mostly blacks
term used from 1920 to 1940s
-blues
-Started from Mamie Smith in 1920 recording of crazy blues

30

Blues

-Origins in south
-early singer were itnerant
-Strophic form with 3 lines of text per verse, AAB