Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (49):
Columbus went on an expedition and found New World/ Indian's population affected by disease, Spanish population expands/ trade of goods, people, and ideas
tribute (tax) system where indigenous people supplied corn, cotton, beans, labor, and gold for protection from enemies and instruction in Catholicism.
first hand, often eye-witness account or recollection of events of time (speeches, reports, diaries)
interpretations of a primary source
passage to the Indies across North Atlantic. John Cabot was sent to look for it.
trade relationship that was never fully Indian, but resulted in Indians drawn into global economy
loss of tribesman leads to killing or seizing an enemy warrior with the goal of filling the tribal void
new settlers who paid their own transportation to the Chesapeake received a grant of 50 acres of free land
indentured servitude (freedom dues)
poor individuals hired, 5 years of labor for passage, food, clothing, shelter
freedom dues: 3 barrels of corn, 2 suit of clothes, seeds, tools, 50 acres of land
contract between Puritans and God promising to build a godly society
all tobacco to England on English ships is taxed, important crops were taxed as well.
went form nothing to greatness, married into Portuguese royalty/ found New World by accident
Samuel de Champlain
explorer, non-nobility: inherits ship and fortune, "gov" of New France
missionaries, educators/ stress on rituals and Pope's authority, worked to counter Protestant Reformation
explorer and military veteran/ adopted by Chief Powhatan
husband of Pocahontas, found tobacco grows better in Virginia
consisted of 6 constituent and Indian tribes
Indians, French allies
chief, adopted John Smith, him and his people helped Jamestown survive and brought the people there food.
daughter of Chief Powhaten, saved John Smith from being murdered
dispute over Virginia's Indian policy/ rebellion causes leaders to question the need for indentured servants, moves towards slavery
separation of church and state/ allowed to interpret the Bible in different ways/ Indians shouldn't be displaced by Europeans
critical of clergy/ held meetings at her house, banished and killed by Mohawk Indians
slaves rebelled against masters by burning plantations and killing white people/ led to enforcement of Black Codes
based on agricultural mass production; a few staple products grown on large farms called plantations
revitalization movement by Protestants in all colonies, required emotional commitment
European trade goods -- African Slave traders--colonies (raw goods)----Europe
the world is a collection of nation states whose governments actively compete for shares of the world's finite amount of wealth
in order to be taxed by Parliament, Americans rightly should have actual legislators seated and voting in London
belief that a member of Parliament virtually represented every person in the empire and there was no need for a specific representative from each colony.
started by Martin Luther, challenged Catholic church: church spending, religious pardons, Latin Bibles and services
Catholic revival, foundation of seminaries for proper training of priests, focus on devotional life and a personal relationship with Christ.
Spanish Armada's defeat
defeated by England, made England a world-class power and introduced long-range weapons into naval warfare
1st English settlement in the Americas. many settlers died the first year due to starvation, relied on the resources from the Indians.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
strongly Puritan society, intolerant to theory religious views, friction with other Indians led to King Philip's war which drove natives away.
English Civil War
armed conflict in England over its government, ended in the execution of Charles I, and replaced English monarchy with republican commonwealth
restoration of English monarchy under Charles II
King Philip's War
conflict between Native Americans and English colonists, forced native to flee
Seven Year's War
Britain gained territory of New France, France and Great Britain suffered financially from long-term consequences
Native American tribes weren't satisfied with British postwar policies after the French and Indian war, led to decision to issue the Proclamation of 1763
Queen Elizabeth I
was at first a princess who was declared illegitimate, later claimed the throne at age 25 and ruled 44 years
King Charles I
he resolved to rule alone and dismissed parliament, wanted a High Anglican form of worship, was tried and executed for treason
King Charles II
desired for political tolerance and religious tolerance, dismissed parliament and ruled alone
strict Puritan, 1st governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, wanted to establish a pure church that was a model for all others (city on a hill)
Anglican, minister, traveled between colonies holding mass meetings and preaching, brought forth emotion and challenged old beliefs
Christian preacher and philosopher, critical role in shaping First Great Awakening and first revivals
reject baptism as infants and done by full immersion in fully believing adults, First Great Awakening increased Baptist growth
taken captive at age 15 by Seneca Indian tribe. Became adopted as a member in the tribe and later got married to an Indian man