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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (39):
1

The anatomical position is characterized by all of the following except

palms turned posteriorly

2

Homeostasis is the condition in which the body maintains

relatively stable internal environment within limits

3

Which of the following is the correct order of elements in a homeostatic control system

stimulus, receptor, afferent, control center, efferent, effector response

4

Choose the following statements that is not completely correct regarding serous membranes

visceral pericardium covers

5

Place the following in correct sequence from simplest to most complex

2-1-4-3-5

6

In which body cavities is the heart located

mediastinal, thoracic, and ventral

7

Which of the following are survivial needs of the body

nutrients, water, atmospheric pressure, and oxygen

8

What is a vertical section through the body, dividing it into anterior and posterior regions called

frontal

9

if the rate of anabolic reaction in the body is much faster than catabolic reactions...

growth

10

positive feedback differs from negative feedback because

positive feedback tends to enhance the triggering stimulus while negative feedback tends to return the body to homestasis

11

You are asked to take a persons heart rate at the popliteal pulse point. you will look for this pulse

on the posterior of the knee

12

you are asked to draw blood from the median cubital vein which is in the antecubital area. You will search for this vein in the

anterior side of the elbow

13

Which set of regions in the abdominopelvic cavity is medial

epigastric, umbilical and hypogastric regions

14

The basic structural material of the body consists of

proteins

15

A chemical reaction in which bonds are broken is usually associated with

the release of energy

16

Which of the following statements of false

larger particles move faster than smaller ones and thus collide more frequently and more forcefully

17

Select the correct statement about isotopes

Isotopes of the same element have the same atomic number but differ in their mass number

18

The four elements that make up about 96% of body weight are

carbon, oxygen, hydrogen and nitrogen

19

which of the following is the major positive ion outside cells

sodium

20

If atom X has an atomic number of 74 it would have which of the following

74 protons

21

Carbs and proteins are built up from their basic building blocks by the

removal of a water molecule between each two units (dehydration synthesis)

22

Which of the following is a neutralization reaction

HCl + NaOH --- NaCl + H2O

23

What does CH4 mean

there is one carbon and four hydrogen atoms

24

What property of water is demonstrated when we sweat

high heat of vaporization

25

What is the ratio of fatty acids to glycerol in triglycerides (neutral fats)

3:1

26

what will happen to this enzyme as it follows the food into the stomach where the pH drops to 2.5

the enzyme will denature and become inactive

27

Which of the following is false regarding the membrane potential

the resting membrane potential is maintained solely by passive transport processes

28

Which if the following structures would aid a cell in allowing more nutrients to be absorbed by the cell

microvilli

29

mitosis ___

is the division of the genetic material within the nucleus

30

passive membranes transport processes include

movement of a substance down its concentration gradient

31

a cell engulfing a relatively large particle will likely utilize

phagocytosis

32

you would expect to see a relatively high amount of which organelle in these cells

mitochondria

33

which of the following is not found in the cartilage but is found in bone

blood vessels

34

which of the following epithelia forms the walls of the air sacs across which gas exchange occurs in the lungs

simple squamous

35

connective tissue extracellular matrix is composed of

fibers and ground substance

36

a substance secreted by your body will likely pass through which tissue type

epithelial tissue

37

glands such as the thyroid that secretes their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as

endocrine

38

Which tissue in the walls of the uterus is required for labor contractions

smooth muscle

39

which of the following is the correct order of steps in tissue repair

1 6 4 7 3 5 2