Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (41):
What is a hazard?
A source or situation with the potential for harm in terms of human injury or ill health. Can include physical, psychological or emotional trauma caused by doing a workplace activity which is hazardous or dangerous.
What are common hazards?
Biological, manual tasks, gravity, radiation and psychosocial hazards equipment related, workplace policies and procedures and hazardous chemicals
How do you identify hazards?
What is PPE?
Personal protective equipment worn by a person to provide protection from hazards, by providing a physical barrier between the parson and the hazard
What do WHS procedures and expectations include?
That required documentation is completed
WHS guidelines are followed
Procedures for work area housekeeping are followed
Handling, using and storing toxic and hazardous chemical according to workplace procedures
What is an incident/injury report form?
A from completed when a person is injured to ensure that the injury will not happen again and so that there is a record of that injury.
Who would you report safety issues to?
Team leaders, supervisors and managers
Health and safety reps
Health services commission members
Organisation WHS personnel
Any other person designated by the organisation
How would you report safety issues to?
By filling out a report or telling designated personnel directly
How should you dispose of sharps?
By carefully placing the sharp in a bio-can
What is the hierarchy of control?
Elimination- remove hazard
substitution- replace with something less harmful
Isolation - create a barrier between harm
Engineering controls- change equipment reduce harm
administrative controls-implement training or changes
What is the duty of care?
A duty of care requires that reasonable measures should be taken to make sure everyone in the organisation is safe at all times.
How can you minimise risks in the workplace?
By doing continuous saftey and hazards checks and asking employees for feedback on the workplace
What is environmental protection?
Ensures that no harm comes to the environment as a result of the business being conducted by the organisation, including pollution and noise.
What is debriefing and why is it important?
Debrief procedures should be followed after an injury, accident or loss. Employees should be supported and given an opportunity for debriefing, it's like therapy and should be optional.
Signs of stress
Absence from work
Alcohol or substance abuse
Poor work performance
Signs of fatigue
Falling asleep at work
Moody and emotional
Benefits of stress management
Will allow employees to work more efficiently and feel like they are in a safe work environment where their opinions and emotions are valid
What are some types of emergency situations?
Panic and other emotional responses
Lost party or party member
Changing environmental conditions
What might be included in emergency procedures?
Ways to respond to the emergency in the most productive way that results in minimal or no injuries
What is emergency equipment? Give examples
Equipment used in an emergency to try to minimise or remove the risk. Or used to contact others to rescue or help find lost people.
First aid kit
Emergency signalling devices
Portable emergency shelter
How should you control a group in an emergency?
You should implement appropriate strategies for group control including
Keeping the group informed of the situation
Provide clear and concise instructions
What are communication systems and when should they be used?
Ways for you to make contact with relevant authorities in an emergency. Should be used in an emergency situation to notify authorities of the situation and what the group is going to do
What is DRSABCD?
Send for help
Is it safe to assist the person/s? Look for potential hazards that may have caused the incident and remove them
Is the person/s responding? Use the COWS method
Can you hear me
Open yours eyes
What's your name
Squeeze my hands
Send for help
Do not leave the casualty, get a bystander to call 000
CLEAR-open mouth to ensure there is no visible obstruction if there is you will need to roll them into their side and clear the mouth
OPEN-once airway is clear use pistol grip to raise the chin up and ensure that the touch isn't pushing against the trachea obstructing breathing
Look, listen and feel for breath
Look at the chest, is it rising and falling?
Listen for breathing by placing your ear next to their mouth
Feel by placing your hand on their chest or placing your ear next to their mouth
Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation
You bloody know how to do CPR I'm not gonna explain it
Used in conjunction with CPR, if you do not have a defibrillator continue CPR till help arrives
What is a soft tissue injury?
Includes sprains, strains and dislocations. Injuries that affect the joints and skeletal muscles including ligaments and tendons
What are hard tissue injures?
Hard tissue injuries include fractures, dislocations and loss of teeth. That is, any injury to the skeletal system. (Dislocations often result in soft tissue injuries)
Symptoms of shock + treatment
Pale, cold and clammy skin
Thirst and nausea
DRSABCD if unconscious
If conscious, control any bleeding, keep warm and lie in comfortable position
Symptoms of asthma, what is it, triggers?
Asthma is a condition that causes sufferers airways to narrow when exposed to certain triggers. Can lead to difficulty breathing and possible lack of consciousness symptoms include pale skin, wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing or collapse. Triggers include exercise, respiratory infection, exposure to allergen or irritants and foods
Symptoms of a fracture + treatment
You can see a bone protruding
Pain and tenderness on site
Movement of limb is severely reduced
Pale and clammy
Immobilisation with sling if possible depending on wether the fracture is open, closed or complicated
Symptoms of dislocations + treatment
Symptoms of strains + treatment
Loud snapping or cracking when injured
Inability to weight bear
Medical assessment of pain continues
Symptoms of sprains, how to treat
Pain inability to weight bear