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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (41):
1

What is a hazard?

A source or situation with the potential for harm in terms of human injury or ill health. Can include physical, psychological or emotional trauma caused by doing a workplace activity which is hazardous or dangerous.

2

What are common hazards?

Biological, manual tasks, gravity, radiation and psychosocial hazards equipment related, workplace policies and procedures and hazardous chemicals

3

How do you identify hazards?

Brainstorming
Questionnaires
Audits
Professional consultants
Industry specialists
Case studies
Media

4

What is PPE?

Personal protective equipment worn by a person to provide protection from hazards, by providing a physical barrier between the parson and the hazard

5

What do WHS procedures and expectations include?

That required documentation is completed
WHS guidelines are followed
Procedures for work area housekeeping are followed
Handling, using and storing toxic and hazardous chemical according to workplace procedures

6

What is an incident/injury report form?

A from completed when a person is injured to ensure that the injury will not happen again and so that there is a record of that injury.

7

Who would you report safety issues to?

Team leaders, supervisors and managers
Health and safety reps
Health services commission members
Organisation WHS personnel
Any other person designated by the organisation

8

How would you report safety issues to?

By filling out a report or telling designated personnel directly

9

How should you dispose of sharps?

By carefully placing the sharp in a bio-can

10

What is the hierarchy of control?

LEVEL ONE:
Elimination- remove hazard
LEVEL TWO
substitution- replace with something less harmful
Isolation - create a barrier between harm
Engineering controls- change equipment reduce harm
LEVEL THREE
administrative controls-implement training or changes
PPE

11

What is the duty of care?

A duty of care requires that reasonable measures should be taken to make sure everyone in the organisation is safe at all times.

12

How can you minimise risks in the workplace?

By doing continuous saftey and hazards checks and asking employees for feedback on the workplace

13

What is environmental protection?

Ensures that no harm comes to the environment as a result of the business being conducted by the organisation, including pollution and noise.

14

What is debriefing and why is it important?

Debrief procedures should be followed after an injury, accident or loss. Employees should be supported and given an opportunity for debriefing, it's like therapy and should be optional.

15

Signs of stress

Absence from work
Alcohol or substance abuse
Conflict
Poor work performance

16

Signs of fatigue

Falling asleep at work
Excessive yawning
Slow reflexes
Moody and emotional
Cold symptoms

17

Benefits of stress management

Will allow employees to work more efficiently and feel like they are in a safe work environment where their opinions and emotions are valid

18

What are some types of emergency situations?

Fire
Hazardous releases
Bomb threats
Medical
Injuries
Accidents
Panic and other emotional responses
Equipment failure
Lost party or party member
Changing environmental conditions
Activity specific

19

What might be included in emergency procedures?

Ways to respond to the emergency in the most productive way that results in minimal or no injuries

20

What is emergency equipment? Give examples

Equipment used in an emergency to try to minimise or remove the risk. Or used to contact others to rescue or help find lost people.
Examples include
Fire extinguisher/blanket
First aid kit
Emergency signalling devices
Portable emergency shelter

21

How should you control a group in an emergency?

You should implement appropriate strategies for group control including
Keeping the group informed of the situation
Provide clear and concise instructions
Remain calm
Stay together
Provide order

22

What are communication systems and when should they be used?

Ways for you to make contact with relevant authorities in an emergency. Should be used in an emergency situation to notify authorities of the situation and what the group is going to do

23

What is DRSABCD?

Danger
Response (COWS)
Send for help
Airways
Breathing
CPR
Defibrillator

24

D

Danger
Is it safe to assist the person/s? Look for potential hazards that may have caused the incident and remove them

25

R

Response
Is the person/s responding? Use the COWS method
Can you hear me
Open yours eyes
What's your name
Squeeze my hands

26

S

Send for help
Do not leave the casualty, get a bystander to call 000

27

A

Airways
CLEAR-open mouth to ensure there is no visible obstruction if there is you will need to roll them into their side and clear the mouth
OPEN-once airway is clear use pistol grip to raise the chin up and ensure that the touch isn't pushing against the trachea obstructing breathing

28

B

Breathing
Look, listen and feel for breath
Look at the chest, is it rising and falling?
Listen for breathing by placing your ear next to their mouth
Feel by placing your hand on their chest or placing your ear next to their mouth

29

C

CPR
Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation
30:2
You bloody know how to do CPR I'm not gonna explain it

30

D

Defibrillation
Used in conjunction with CPR, if you do not have a defibrillator continue CPR till help arrives

31

What is a soft tissue injury?

Includes sprains, strains and dislocations. Injuries that affect the joints and skeletal muscles including ligaments and tendons

32

RICER

Rest
Ice
Compression
Elevation
Referral

33

No HARM

Heat
Alcohol
Running
Massage

34

What are hard tissue injures?

Hard tissue injuries include fractures, dislocations and loss of teeth. That is, any injury to the skeletal system. (Dislocations often result in soft tissue injuries)

35

Symptoms of shock + treatment

Weakness
Vomiting
Pale, cold and clammy skin
Thirst and nausea

DRSABCD if unconscious
If conscious, control any bleeding, keep warm and lie in comfortable position

36

Symptoms of asthma, what is it, triggers?

Asthma is a condition that causes sufferers airways to narrow when exposed to certain triggers. Can lead to difficulty breathing and possible lack of consciousness symptoms include pale skin, wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing or collapse. Triggers include exercise, respiratory infection, exposure to allergen or irritants and foods

37

Symptoms of a fracture + treatment

You can see a bone protruding
Pain and tenderness on site
Movement of limb is severely reduced
Pale and clammy

Immobilisation with sling if possible depending on wether the fracture is open, closed or complicated

38

Symptoms of dislocations + treatment

Sever pain
Noticeable deformity
Swelling

Immobilise
Joint support
Medical aid

39

Symptoms of strains + treatment

Loud snapping or cracking when injured
Pain
Swelling
Inability to weight bear

RICER
No HARM
Medical assessment of pain continues

40

Symptoms of sprains, how to treat

Swelling
Bruising
Pain inability to weight bear

RICER
No HARM
Medical assessment

41

Order of treatment

Unconscious
Bleeding
Broken