Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (73):
What is an individuals genetic makeup
What is an individuals genetic makeup and the persons life-long experiences
___ are two forms of the same gene, one from mom and one from dad
how is a fraternal/dizygotic twin formed?
the release and fertilization of 2 ova
how is an identical/monozygotic twin formed?
a single zygote separates to form 2 individuals
if both alleles are the same then it is ____ but if both alleles are different then it is ___
only the ___ allele affects the childrens phenotype
___ results in a combined trait or one that is between the two genes (alleles)
what is caused when there is a failure of the 21st chromosome to separate during meiosis
___ is the development resulting from ongoing, bidirectional exchanges between hereditary at all levels of the enviroment
__ are the 23rd pair of chromosomes and are identified as XX for __ and XY for ___
what is made up of 23 chromosomes that store and transmit genetic information in ones DNA
___ is an orderly integrated set of statements that describes, explains, and predicts a behavior
__ is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon
what are the 4 assumptions that make up the lifespan perspective?
affected by multiple, interacting forces
who created the psychoanalytic perspective ?
Freud and Erikson
___ is the emphasis on individuals unique life history and conflicts between biological drives and social expectations
Vygotsky created the ___ theory
___ created the psychosocial
__ theory focused on the importance of the individuals life story and contributed much to the advancement of human development research
__ is when development is open to lifelong change and the change occurs based on influential experiences
___ is the persistence of individual differences and the lifelong patterns are established by early experiences
what describes the response to a specific stimuli
__ theory describes the influence of learning through observation or imitation of others
social learning theory
what is the ability to adapt effectively in the face of threats to development
what is hereditary information that is received by parents at birth?
what is physical and social forces that influences biological and psychological development
Piaget created the __ theory
__ theory states that children actively construct knowledge by manipulating and exploring their world
piagets cognitive-development theory
what are the 4 stages of piagets theory
___ believed that how people reasoned about a situation governs their response
what are the 6 stages of Kohlbergs theory
2. instrumental purpose
3. good boy, good girl
5. social contract
6. universal ethical principle
__ is the state of well-being
__ is behavior motivated by desire to increase well-being and health potential
___ is behavior motivated by a desire to avoid disease, detect it early, or maintain functioning with disease or illness
__ is the "attainment of the highest level of health for all people"
__ is a particular type of health difference that is closely linked with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage
___ model is demonstrated when people believe or value a activity that leads to a better health
health belief model
___ model involves all of the factors that can motivate people to seek health promoting behavior such as sociocultural or psychological
health promotion model
what is the ability to stay healthy?
___ theory is feelings that affect behavior during illness
motivation and emotional arousal theory
__ theory is the using of techniques to communicate
___ theory is the therapeutic relationship is key to health promotion
what theory describes physiologic adaptive response to stress
theory of stress response and general adaptation syndrome
__ is the physical and emotional state always present in a person
what are alternative or nontraditional ways that are considered holistic or integrative to promote health or treat illness
complementary or alternative medicine therapies (CAM or CAT)
__ is now a law which is aimed at providing affordable health care regardless of socioeconomic status
__ is the belief in a supernatural or divine force that commands worship and obedience
what incorporates religious practices and beliefs but strives for answers about the unmeasurable and mysterious
what are the 3 primary belief systems
what religions believe in a monotheistic god
what religions believe in mind-body control
what religions focus on harmony
what religion believes in the 4 noble truths
what religion is practiced primarily in the southeast asia
mulisms make up 20% of the worlds population and practice what religion?
what religion believes in allah?
what religion believes illness is a trial sent from god
what religion is monotheistic and focuses more on actions than beliefs
___ religion believes nobody should die alone, call rabbi immediately
___ is when the pope heads the church and its authority
__ is many different sects of protestantism. Prayer is a method of communication with god
according to roman catholics, ___ is a time of separation of soul from body
the ____ church is primarily christian but there is much variety in spiritual influences and practices
the african american church
the ___ religion believe in supreme being and shamanism
north american indians
___ seeks meaning in ancient traditions, ritualistic and secretive, connects with nature
___ is incapable of knowing whether god exists
___ is believing that god does not exist
what is the duty to not harm?
what is the ability to not judge anothers beliefs?
what is the right of client to self-determination, not imposing ones own ideas
what is the right to actively assist client in exercising autonomy to find new meaning and hope