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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (73):
1

What is an individuals genetic makeup

genotype

2

What is an individuals genetic makeup and the persons life-long experiences

phenotype

3

___ are two forms of the same gene, one from mom and one from dad

alleles

4

how is a fraternal/dizygotic twin formed?

the release and fertilization of 2 ova

5

how is an identical/monozygotic twin formed?

a single zygote separates to form 2 individuals

6

if both alleles are the same then it is ____ but if both alleles are different then it is ___

homozygous
heterozygous

7

only the ___ allele affects the childrens phenotype

dominant

8

___ results in a combined trait or one that is between the two genes (alleles)

incomplete dominance

9

what is caused when there is a failure of the 21st chromosome to separate during meiosis

down syndrome

10

___ is the development resulting from ongoing, bidirectional exchanges between hereditary at all levels of the enviroment

epigenesis

11

__ are the 23rd pair of chromosomes and are identified as XX for __ and XY for ___

sex
female
male

12

what is made up of 23 chromosomes that store and transmit genetic information in ones DNA

genetic code

13

___ is an orderly integrated set of statements that describes, explains, and predicts a behavior

theory

14

__ is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon

hypothesis

15

what are the 4 assumptions that make up the lifespan perspective?

lifelong
multidimensional/ multidirectional
highly plastic
affected by multiple, interacting forces

16

who created the psychoanalytic perspective ?

Freud and Erikson

17

___ is the emphasis on individuals unique life history and conflicts between biological drives and social expectations

psychoanalytic perspective

18

Vygotsky created the ___ theory

sociocultural theory

19

___ created the psychosocial

erikson

20

__ theory focused on the importance of the individuals life story and contributed much to the advancement of human development research

psychosocial

21

__ is when development is open to lifelong change and the change occurs based on influential experiences

plasticity

22

___ is the persistence of individual differences and the lifelong patterns are established by early experiences

stability

23

what describes the response to a specific stimuli

behaviorism

24

__ theory describes the influence of learning through observation or imitation of others

social learning theory

25

what is the ability to adapt effectively in the face of threats to development

resilience

26

what is hereditary information that is received by parents at birth?

nature

27

what is physical and social forces that influences biological and psychological development

nurture

28

Piaget created the __ theory

cognitive-developmental theory

29

__ theory states that children actively construct knowledge by manipulating and exploring their world

piagets cognitive-development theory

30

what are the 4 stages of piagets theory

sensorimotor
preoperational
concrete operational
formal operational

31

___ believed that how people reasoned about a situation governs their response

kohlberg

32

what are the 6 stages of Kohlbergs theory

1. punishment/obedience
2. instrumental purpose
3. good boy, good girl
4. social-order-maintaining
5. social contract
6. universal ethical principle

33

__ is the state of well-being

health

34

__ is behavior motivated by desire to increase well-being and health potential

health promotion

35

___ is behavior motivated by a desire to avoid disease, detect it early, or maintain functioning with disease or illness

Disease prevention

36

__ is the "attainment of the highest level of health for all people"

health equity

37

__ is a particular type of health difference that is closely linked with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage

health disparity

38

___ model is demonstrated when people believe or value a activity that leads to a better health

health belief model

39

___ model involves all of the factors that can motivate people to seek health promoting behavior such as sociocultural or psychological

health promotion model

40

what is the ability to stay healthy?

coping theory

41

___ theory is feelings that affect behavior during illness

motivation and emotional arousal theory

42

__ theory is the using of techniques to communicate

communication

43

___ theory is the therapeutic relationship is key to health promotion

therapeutic relationship

44

what theory describes physiologic adaptive response to stress

theory of stress response and general adaptation syndrome

45

__ is the physical and emotional state always present in a person

stress

46

what are alternative or nontraditional ways that are considered holistic or integrative to promote health or treat illness

complementary or alternative medicine therapies (CAM or CAT)

47

__ is now a law which is aimed at providing affordable health care regardless of socioeconomic status

ACA

48

__ is the belief in a supernatural or divine force that commands worship and obedience

Religion

49

what incorporates religious practices and beliefs but strives for answers about the unmeasurable and mysterious

spirituality

50

what are the 3 primary belief systems

monotheistic god
mind-body
harmony

51

what religions believe in a monotheistic god

christianity
judaism
islam

52

what religions believe in mind-body control

buddhism
hinduism
native american

53

what religions focus on harmony

taosim
confucianism
shintoism

54

what religion believes in the 4 noble truths

buddhism

55

what religion is practiced primarily in the southeast asia

buddhism

56

mulisms make up 20% of the worlds population and practice what religion?

islam

57

what religion believes in allah?

islam

58

what religion believes illness is a trial sent from god

islam

59

what religion is monotheistic and focuses more on actions than beliefs

judasim

60

___ religion believes nobody should die alone, call rabbi immediately

judaism

61

___ is when the pope heads the church and its authority

roman catholic

62

__ is many different sects of protestantism. Prayer is a method of communication with god

protestant

63

according to roman catholics, ___ is a time of separation of soul from body

death

64

the ____ church is primarily christian but there is much variety in spiritual influences and practices

the african american church

65

the ___ religion believe in supreme being and shamanism

north american indians

66

___ seeks meaning in ancient traditions, ritualistic and secretive, connects with nature

neo paganism

67

___ is incapable of knowing whether god exists

agnosticism

68

___ is believing that god does not exist

atheism

69

what is the duty to not harm?

beneficence

70

what is the ability to not judge anothers beliefs?

nonmaleficenece

71

what is the right of client to self-determination, not imposing ones own ideas

autonomy

72

what is the right to actively assist client in exercising autonomy to find new meaning and hope

advocacy

73

what does FICA stand for ?

Faith, how important is religion
Influence, does it influence health care practice
Community, are they part of a religious community
Address Care, should this be a concern when caring for patient