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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (74):
1

Frederick J. Turner

Created frontier thesis

2

Frontier thesis

Frontier made America unique, provided land for American Dream

3

Pragmatism

The ends justify the means

4

William James and Charles pierce

Founders of pragmatism

5

Social Darwinism

"Survival of the the fittest"

6

Herbert Spencer

Created social Darwinism

7

William graham sumner

Sociology

8

Robber barons

Person who is ruthless in getting rich

9

John D Rockefeller

Monopolization of standard oil company

10

Standard oil company

Owned by John D Rockefeller

11

Andrew Carnegie

Wealthy

12

Cornelius Vanderbilt

Investments, bought out numerous companies

13

Guglielmo Marconi

Invents radio

14

Henry ford

Produced less expensive automobile, assembly line

15

Duryea brothers

Produced Americas first car

16

Ransom olds

Oldsmobile

17

Orville and Wilbur wright

Flight

18

Kitty hawk

Where first flight took, North Carolina

19

Walter reed

Army surgeon, had idea that germs cause disease

20

Bailey Ashford

Doctor from north who went to south, bare feet (tape worm)

21

Miasma

"Bad air" how people thought you got disease

22

Emile Zola

French writer, naturalism

23

Naturalism

Stories about man against his surroundings

24

Theodore dreiser

"Sister Carrie" (feminism)

25

Kate Chopin

The awakening

26

Jack London

Science fiction, wrote the call of the wild and white fang

27

Carl Sandburg

Poet who was aggressive, free verse, wrote Chicago

28

Robert frost

Poet, solitude

29

Ash can school

Artistic movement

30

George Luks, G.W. Bellows, Joan Sullivan

Apart of ash can school

31

Louis Sullivan

Architect who revolutionized buildings, Windows, use of steel

32

Bessemer process

Enabled tons of steel to be produced in minutes

33

Frank loyd wright

Architect, introduced glass brick, concrete block

34

Falling water

Frank loyd wright painting

35

Edgar Kaufman sr. & jr.

Wanted buildings from wright

36

Usonian

Wright design, U.S. Architecture, provided better quality of life, affordable

37

Herbert Johnson

Businessman

38

Wingspread

House of Herbert Johnson

39

Johnson wax company

Herbert johnson's company, wright designed building

40

Progressivism

Challenged many things that came to be acceptable in America. Political, social, philosophical movement

41

McClures

Journal started tradition of muckraking

42

The Jungle

Exposed meat industry

43

Ida Tarbell

Exposed methods of John d Rockefeller and corrupt businessman

44

Lincoln Steffens

Author of mcClures, exposed society and corruption

45

"The shame of the cities"

Exposed urban corruption and gov.

46

Upton Sinclair

Wrote "the jungle"

47

Meet inspection act and pure food and drug act

Congress passed these after the jungle

48

Muckrakers

Literature of exposure

49

Robert lafollete

Republican progressive, senator, made workmans comp.

50

William Howard Taft

Republican progressive

51

Theodore Roosevelt

Democratic progressive

52

Woodrow Wilson

Democratic progressive

53

William Jennings Bryan

Democratic progressive

54

Jane Addams

London gov was dealing with homelessness, she hull house

55

Lime house district

Area of impoverished

56

Hull house

Jane Adams created slum relief

57

Salvation Army

Spiritual and physical help

58

Scientific management

Opposed to "political machines" few people in charge, wanted people who really knew what they were doing

59

Utilitarianism

Greatest good for greatest number

60

John Stuart mill, Jeremy Bentham

Supported utilitarianism

61

17th amendment

Had to do w/ senators

62

Galveston

Commissioners gov.

63

Presidential primary

Progressive idea, first one in Mississippi

64

Mary Wollstonecraft

Influential to feminist movement, had abusive father, lesbian

65

Fanny blood

Dated Mary Wollstonecraft

66

Sarah butler and Eleanor ponsonby

Lesbian couple who moved to Wales

67

Richard price

Unitarianism minister, concerned about Mary Wollstonecraft, suggest she keep diary

68

"Mary" "a vindication of the rights of women"

Two books Mary Wollstonecraft wrote

69

Seneca falls

First meeting of feminists

70

Suffrage

The right to vote

71

Elizabeth Stanton

Women who called the Seneca falls meeting

72

Frederick Douglass

Abolitionist who worked with feminists

73

Oberlin

First college to accept both men and women

74

Mary shelley

Mary Wollstonecrafts daughter