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Flashcards in EXAM 1 Deck (84):
1

Pentateuch

First 5 books of the Bible

2

Alternate name for Pentateuch

Torah

3

Books in the Pentateuch

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Dueteronomy

4

Tribes of Israel at time of Bible

Israel and Judah

5

Israel

North

6

Judah

South

7

Elohim

word meaning god

8

YHWH

God's name

9

How many creation stories?

2

10

Differences: man and women

1st- both created in God's image, more equality
2nd- Eve is Adam's companion came from him, heirarchy

11

Reasoning for two sources of Bible

2 tribes=2 kings=2 priests=2 temples

12

Differences: setting/scope

1st- shows all of creation, all seeing perspective
2nd- close up, in garden of eden

13

Differences: time

1st- methodical, number of days
2nd- just kind of happens

14

Differences: Sabbath/rest

1st- he rests on 7th

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Where does the 1st story come from? (source)

p

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What is the 1st story part of?

part of ritual celebration of temple

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J

Yahwist

18

E

Elohist

19

D

Deuteronomist

20

P

Priestly

21

Northern Sources

Elohist and Dueteronomist

22

Southern Sources

Yahwist and Priestly

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Narrative Sources

Elohist and Yahwist

24

Legislative

Dueteronomist and Priestly

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What lead to the varieties in the bible?

Kingdoms want to talk about themselves

26

David

united the kingdom- J

27

How many years was the kingdom of Israel split

200

28

Who did the north fall to?

assyrians

29

Who did the south fall to?

babylonians

30

What did the babylonians like?

Science- imposed their culture on israeli elites

31

What happened after the Persians sent the Israeli elites back?

They collected their texts and made the bible

32

Historical consciousness

people think differently at different times

33

Historical criticism

applying of critical thinking

34

Hermeneutics

the study of interpretation of texts

35

World of the reader

contextual/reader-centered- "reader hears" based on individual and community experiences

36

World of the text

Literary- story, explore the text itself

37

World behind the text

Historical- concerned with the world behind the text, what was going on

38

When/Why did the world of the reader change?

1859 when Darwin published origen of species

39

2 ways of knowing god

nature, scripture/traditions

40

2 aspects of all religions

worldview, morality/ethics, (there are also rituals, communities, and practice)

41

Guy who critiqued Christianity

Lynn White

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3 Problems Lynn White saw

1. Desacralization of Nature
2. Domination of Nature
3. Degradation of Nature and Matter

43

1. Desacralization of Nature

Nature was historically seen as a place where spirits dwell by pagans
Christianity did not have this, nature is just nature, no spirit or soul

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2. Domination of Nature

anthropocentric view
nature created for humans to dominate over

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3. Degradation of Matter

Our ultimate goal is heaven
this world doesn't matter

46

How can theology change?

Tradition is changing, people used to be more vulnerable than nature

47

Laudato Si

encyclical by Pope Francis

48

Who did Pope name himself after

Francis of Assiss- cared for poor and nature

49

What did Pope say about domination?

shouldn't read the words that way

50

What did Pope say about desacralization?

All things have value through their relationship with god

51

What centric is Buddhism

Biocentric

52

What is its interest

spreading the message of Buddhism

53

Name of Buddh

Prince Siddharta Guatama

54

Where/when was buddha born

India/563 BCE

55

Rejected what Hindu staple?

Caste system

56

Three kinds of Buddhism

Sri Lanka (Theraveda), Mahayana, Tibetan (Vajrayana)

57

Central Idea of Buddhism

end of suffering (enlightenment/nirvana)

58

Life is

suffering

59

3 causes of suffering

Desire, Hatred, Ignorance

60

Reincarnation means

rebirth

61

samsara

cycle of rebirth

62

reincarnation

rebirth

63

karma

moral retribution

64

Buddhists don't believe in what

a creator, god who is in charge of everything

65

3 important ideals/ 3 jewels

Buddha, His teachings, followers

66

Interdependence of buddhism

all species depend on one another, part of a larger network

67

Counterculture of buddhism

antimaterialist, be able to live with less

68

Where does exodus story start

Egypt

69

Who/why came to Egypt

Jacob people came to escape drought, also human trafficking element

70

What are the israelites originally

slaves in egypt

71

Who led the people out of Egypt?

Moses

72

How was moses inspired

forced to flee egypt, encounters burning bush, god reveals himself as yhwh

73

What did god send to help the israelites escape?

plagues

74

last plague

death of firstborn

75

how long did the trip from egypt to israel take

40 years- god punished them for worshiping false gods

76

problem with the promise land

canaanites already living there

77

reasoning for killing of canaanites

they worship the wrong god

78

what does israel mean

god rules

79

3 stories of birth of israel

1. book of joshua- violent conquest
2. book of judges- social growth
3. exodus- social revolution

80

who was important to the ancient god

the elites

81

palestinian problems

text is against you and inspires others against you

82

palestinian inspiration

historically jews and palestinians are the same
through jesus, we can see that god sides with the oppressed

83

native american problems

parallels with canaanites, land is overtaken

84

native american inspiration

acknowledging the wrongs, makes it less against them
liberation means oppression