Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (44):
Psychology is formally defined as
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of psychology as a science?
It tests assumptions
Goals of psychological science?
Describe, explain, predict
Professor Scott is a psychologist conducting research on the behavior of children. He observes them in an amusement park as they take turns on the New carousel. He records how many times a child complains to his or her parents about not giving a turn. In this scenario, which goal of psychological science is Professor Scott utilizing in his research?
According to the science of psychology, a behavior is a
Action that can be directly observed
In psychology, which of the following is not considered to be a behavior?
Thinking about a conversation with a friend
Psychologist rely on _____, which is the process of thinking reflectively and actively and evaluating evidence.
Which of the following statements best defines critical thinking in psychology?
It is the process of reflecting deeply, asking questions, and evaluating evidence.
Rena’s boss, a criminal lawyer, informed her that after studying all the material on their perspective client, he has realized that the client has committed the crime; Therefore, they cannot represent him. Reena is not convinced. She wants to take another look at the data and make sure that he has come to the right conclusion. In this scenario, Rena is exhibiting an attitude of:; Therefore, they cannot represent him. Reina is not convinced. She wants to take another look at the data and make sure that he has come to the right conclusion. In this scenario, Reina is exhibiting an attitude of:
In psychological studies, being open to the evidence means thinking ______.
Psychology has advanced as a field because:
Psychologist think deeply and reflectively and examine the evidence on all sides
Psychology emerged as a science from the field of :
The method of study used by Wilhelm Wundt and his collaborators to discover the basic elements, or structures, of mental processes was _____.
Looking inside one’s own mind
Which school of psychology is Wundt associated with?
The historical perspective that concentrates on discovering the basic elements of mental processes in psychology
Which of the following scenarios best illustrates the method of introspection?
A researcher documents subjects description of an experience
In the context of structuralism as a perspective of psychology, the primary research method used was
Which of the following is true about Wundt’s early work in psychology?
He was the first person to introduce the idea that mental processes could be measured
Which of the following concepts would a student be most familiar with if he or she was a proponent of functionalism?
Stream of consciousness
The body’s electrochemical communication circuitry is known as the
Where are the characteristics of human nervous system?
Simplicity, adaptability, integration
In the context of pathways in the nervous system, afferent nerves carry information
To the brain and spinal cord via sensory receptors
Catherine is come fronted by a man with a gun as she walks home from work one night. In this scenario, Catherine’s _____ nervous system will be most likely to help her escape from the situation quickly.
Lynel is preparing for his first job interview. The night before the interview, he is restless and anxious; his palms sweat and his heart beats faster than usual. In this scenario, Linal‘s physiological responses can be best attributed to his _____ nervous system.
Which division of the Paris feel nervous system is responsible for carrying messages to and from the body‘s internal organs and monitoring processes such as breathing, heart rate, and digestion?
Autonomic nervous system
In the context of neurons, glial cells in the nervous system
Provide support and nutritional benefits to neurons
In the context of the nervous system, by far, the majority of information processing in the brain is done by
Which of the following best describes the process of transmitting information within a neuron in the context of specialized cell structure?
Dendrite to cell body to axon
Chemical substances that are stored in very tiny sacs within the terminal buttons and are involved in transmitting information across the synaptic gap to the next neuron are known as
In the nervous system, which of the following is true of neurons in the neurotransmitters they secrete?
At any given time, a neuron is receiving a mixture of messages from the neurotransmitters
Which of the following is true of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine ?
It is involved in muscle action learning and memory
The neurotransmitter GABA is found
Throughout the central nervous system
In the context of the organization of the brain, which part of the hindbrain regulates vital functions such as breathing and heart rate?
What is the part of the hindbrain that is involved in sleep and arousal?
James his brain injury has resulted in him not being able to process information about the things he sees around him or to react to them appropriately. Which of James’ brains region is most likely to be damaged?
What is the area of the cerebral cortex in the human brain which controls voluntary muscle movement
What best describes encoding?
Taking in the information
What is the levels of processing and memory?
It refers to a continuum of memory processing
Who was responsible for formulating an early popular theory of memory that acknowledged the varying life spans of memories?
Fergus Craik and Robert Lockhart
Which element of sensory memory would be most useful to Stan, who is quickly scanning a map of the United States to learn were each state fits?
Chunking is the process of
Packing information that exceeds the 7+2 memory span into higher order units
Long-term memory is divided into
Explicit and implicit memory