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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (72):
1

Sculpture in the round

Three dimensional sculpture that is carved free of any background or block

2

Composite pose

Combining different view points within a single representation

3

Megalithic architecture

Large stones used in some prehistoric architecture

4

Corbeling

Roofing and arching technique in which each course of stone projects slightly beyond the previous layer until they meet

5

Post and lintel construction

Two or more vertical elements supporting a horizontal element

6

Henge

Circular area enclosed by stones or wood posts

7

Hieratic scale

The use of differences in size to indicate relative importance

8

Relief sculpture (high and low)

Three dimensional image or design whose flat background surface is carved away to a certain depth

9

Register

Placement of self contained bands of reliefs in a vertical arrangement

10

Provenance

The place of origin or earliest known history

11

Votive

Image created as a devotional offering to a deity

12

Ziggurats

Tall stepped tower of earthen materials, often supporting a shrine

13

Stele

Stone slab placed vertically and decorated with inscriptions or reliefs

14

Cuneiform

Early form of writing

15

Lamassus

Supernatural guardian protector of ancient near eastern places and throne rooms, often represented sculpturally as a combination of the bearded head of a man, body of a lion or bull, wings of an eagle, horned headdress, five legs

16

Diorite

Igneous rock

17

Mastaba

Flat topped one story structure with slanted walls built over a tomb

18

Necropolis

Large burial area

19

Ka

Soul of the dead

20

Idealization

Figures of perfection

21

Canon of proportions

Ideal mathematical ratios for the body

22

Naturalism

Realistic objects in a natural setting

23

Clerestory

High section of wall that contains windows above eye level

24

Capital

Sculpted block that tops a column

25

Sunken relief

Main figures are lower than the background

26

Fresco

Water based pigments are applied to a plaster surface

27

Stylobate

Stone foundation on which a temple colonnade stands

28

Stereobate

The foundation upon which a temple stands

29

Black figure painting

Painted on a red clay ground

30

Red figure painting

Red on black background

31

Contrapposto

Sense of movement

32

Lost wax casting

Casting metal, bronze

33

Carytid

Sculpture of a draped female figure acting as a column

34

Wet drapery

Clothing more fluid and see through

35

Lion human
Date
Medium
Period

c. 30,000 BCE
Mammoth ivory
Prehistoric

36

Woman from willendorf
Date
Medium
Period

c. 24,000 BCE
Limestone
Prehistoric

37

Wall painting with horses, aurochs, and rhinoceros
Date
Location
Period

c. 30,000 BCE
Chauvet Cave, France
Prehistoric

38

Bird headed man with bison
Location
Date
Period

Lascaux Cave, France
c. 15,000
Prehistoric

39

Tomb interior with corbeling and engraved stones
Location
Date
Period

Newgrange, Ireland
c. 3000 BCE
Prehistoric

40

Stonehenge
Location
Date
Period

Wiltshire, England
c. 1500 BCE
Prehistoric

41

Stele of Naram-sin
Date
Period

c. 2000 BCE
Ancient Near East

42

Carved vessel from uruk
Date
Period

c. 3000
Ancient Near East

43

Votive figures
Date
Period

c. 3000
Ancient Near East

44

Nanna Ziggurat
Date
Medium
Location
Period

c. 2000 BCE
Mudbrick
Ur (Iraq)
Ancient Near East

45

Votive Statue of Gudea
Date
Medium
Period

c. 2000
Diorite
Ancient Near East

46

Stele of Hammurabi
Date
Period

c. 2000
Ancient Near East

47

Guardian Figures
Date
Period

c. 500
Ancient Near East

48

Palette of Narmer
Date
Period

c. 3000
Ancient Egypt

49

Funerary complex of Djoser
Date
Location
Architect
Period

c. 3000
Saqqara, Egypt
Imhotep
Ancient Egypt

50

Great pyramids at Giza
Date
Location

c. 3000
Giza, Egypt

51

Khafre
Date
Period

c. 3000
Ancient Egypt

52

Seated scribe
Date
Medium
Period

c. 2000
Limestone
Ancient Egypt

53

Ti watching a Hippopotamus hunt
Date
Location
Period

c. 2000
Saqqara, Egypt
Ancient Egypt

54

Hypostyle hall, great temple of Amun
Date
Location
Period

c. 1000
Karnak, Egypt
Ancient Egypt

55

Akhenaten and his family
Date
Period

c. 1000
Ancient Egypt

56

Funerary mask of Tut
Date
Period

c. 1000
Ancient Egypt

57

Figure of a woman
Date
Period

c. 3000
Aegean

58

Bull leaping from the palace of Knossos
Date
Medium
Period

c. 1000
Fresco
Aegean

59

Hirschfeld workshop, dipylon krater
Date
Period

c. 1000
Ancient Greece

60

Sanctuary of Apollo
Date
Location
Period

c. 1000
Delphi, Greece
Ancient Greece

61

Temple of Hera I
Date
Location
Period

c. 1000
Paestum, Italy
Ancient Greece

62

Metropolitan Kouros
Date
Period

c. 1000
Ancient Greece

63

Archaic smile

Eyes large and open, lips are closed

64

Ajax and Achilles playing a game
Date
Potter
Period

c.1000
Exekias
Ancient Greece

65

Death of Sarpedon
Date
Painter
Period

c. 1000
Euphronios
Ancient Greece

66

Kritios boy
Date
Period

c. 500
Ancient Greece

67

Charioter
Date
Medium
Period

c. 500
Bronze
Ancient Greece

68

Parthenon (Iktinos and Kallikrates)
Date
Location
Period

c. 500
Acropolis, Athens
Ancient Greece

69

Lapith fighting a centuar
Date
Period

c.500
Ancient Greece

70

Porch of the maidens (erechtheion)
Date
Period

c. 500
Ancient Greece

71

Spear Bearer
Date
Artist
Period

c.500
Polykleitos
Ancient Greece

72

Nike of Samothrace
Date
Period

c. 100
Helinistic