Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (46):
A long land bridge that connected Asian Siberia and America ?
First migrants of North America
Traveled in small bands of people (25)
Early Paleo-Indians used a sharp spearhead called ?
like the Paleo Indians , but focused on using traps, nets , and hooks.
They also prepared food from wild plants by using a variety of stone tools
(Used stones to grind seeds into edible form)
Were nomads but eventually found a permanent spot
The largest ceremonial mound site in ancient North America , located in eastern bank Mississippi, across form present day St.
Erected huge stone-walled Pueblo with enough rooms to house everyone in the settlement , located in New Mexico
These Indians Inhabited the Atlantic seaboard, the great lake region , and much more of the upper Midwest , grew corn and fished
The supreme chief of the Algonquian Indians
The first permanent English settlement in North America by colonist sponsored by the Virginia Company
What happened on 1492 ?
Christopher Columbus arrives in the America’s
A transatlantic trade of goods, people, and ideas and diseases
Cortez conquers the Mexica when ?
Protestant Reformation begins in Germany on what date ?
When does Herman Cortez searches for wealth in Mexico ?
When did the English colonists find Jamestown and Pocahontas rescues shown Smith ?
When did the first African Americans arrive in America ?
When did the Pope leads the Pueblo Revolt ?
When did the Plymouth colony is founded by Pilgrims ?
When did John Winthrop leads Puritans settlers to Massachusetts Bay?
When did King Phillip’s War start ?
Their empire stretched from coast to coast across central Mexico, their capital is Tenochtitlán, and were very powerful and known for their ruthlessness
Negotiated in 1494, to delineate land claims in the New World between the Spanish and Portuguese
Treaty of Tordesillas
People who signed contracts to work off debt as a slave , usually never is freed
The reform movement that began in 1517 with Martin Luther’s critiques of the Roman Catholic Church, and Divided Protestant from Catholics.
Conquered the Mexica empire with the help of a young lady named Malinani
Coerced labor , became one of most important form of coerced labor in the new world
An unsuccessful rebellion against the colonial government in 1676, led by frontier settler Nathaniel Baconn
An island in the British West Indies. colonized in the 1630’s , became an enormous sugar producer and a source of wealth for England
The Ordering of breaking and burning of images of the holy Christ, the Virgin Mary, and the other saints, the crosses, and everything , pertaining to Christianity , led to the death of 2/3 of the Spanish missionaries, lead by the Pope
The belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism.
The belief in the existence of a supreme being, specifically of a creator who does not intervene in the universe
a system of society or government in which the father or eldest male is head of the family and descent is traced through the male line.
the beliefs or principles of a group of English Protestants of the late 16th and 17th centuries who regarded the Reformation of the Church under Elizabeth I as incomplete and sought to simplify and regulate forms of worship
Insisted that Christians strictly discipline their behavior to conform to Gods commandments announced in the Bible , idea of John Calvin
Believed that God spoke directly to each individual through an “inner light” and that neither ministers nor the Bible was essential to discovering Gods word put them in conflict with orthodox Puritans
Dutch colony that Were remarkably diverse especially compared with homogeneous English settlers to the north and south
Present day New York
War begun by King Phillip , in which the Wampanoag Indians attacked colonial settlements in western Massachusetts in 1675. The colonist prevailed In the brutal war
King Phillips war
The crossing of the Atlantic by slaves ships traveling from West Africa to the Americas.
The Middle Passage
Illustrated that 18 century slaves had no chance of overturning slavery and very little chance of defending themselves in any bold strike for freedom
An 18th century philosophical movement emphasized the use of reason to reevaluate previous accepted doctrine or traditions
(The thinkers age)
A wave of religious revivals that began in Massachusetts and spread through the colonies in the 1730s and 40s. It emphasized religious faith and personal choice. Characterized by large , open air meetings at which emotional sermons were given by itinerant preachers
The Great Awakening
Defended herself form the accusation of antinomianism.
People who believed that Christians could be saved by faith alone and did not need to act in accordance to Gods laws
Became a minister of a church in Salem, and disagreed with the English government’s requirement that everyone attend church services and was banished
A colony that struggle to survive , but made it through with the neighboring Indians, but didn’t attract many other English Puritans