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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (46):
1

A long land bridge that connected Asian Siberia and America ?

Beringia

2

First migrants of North America
Traveled in small bands of people (25)

Paleo-Indians

3

Early Paleo-Indians used a sharp spearhead called ?

Clovis point

4

like the Paleo Indians , but focused on using traps, nets , and hooks.

They also prepared food from wild plants by using a variety of stone tools

(Used stones to grind seeds into edible form)

Were nomads but eventually found a permanent spot

Archaic Indians

5

The largest ceremonial mound site in ancient North America , located in eastern bank Mississippi, across form present day St.

Cahokia

6

Erected huge stone-walled Pueblo with enough rooms to house everyone in the settlement , located in New Mexico

Chaco Canyons

7

These Indians Inhabited the Atlantic seaboard, the great lake region , and much more of the upper Midwest , grew corn and fished

Algonquian Indians

8

The supreme chief of the Algonquian Indians

Powhatan

9

The first permanent English settlement in North America by colonist sponsored by the Virginia Company

Jamestown

10

What happened on 1492 ?

Christopher Columbus arrives in the America’s

11

A transatlantic trade of goods, people, and ideas and diseases

Columbia Exchange

12

Cortez conquers the Mexica when ?

1521

13

Protestant Reformation begins in Germany on what date ?

1517

14

When does Herman Cortez searches for wealth in Mexico ?

1519

15

When did the English colonists find Jamestown and Pocahontas rescues shown Smith ?

1607

16

When did the first African Americans arrive in America ?

1619

17

When did the Pope leads the Pueblo Revolt ?

1680

18

When did the Plymouth colony is founded by Pilgrims ?

1620

19

When did John Winthrop leads Puritans settlers to Massachusetts Bay?

1630

20

When did King Phillip’s War start ?

1676

21

Their empire stretched from coast to coast across central Mexico, their capital is Tenochtitlán, and were very powerful and known for their ruthlessness

Mexica Empire

22

Negotiated in 1494, to delineate land claims in the New World between the Spanish and Portuguese

Treaty of Tordesillas

23

People who signed contracts to work off debt as a slave , usually never is freed

Indentured Slaves

24

The reform movement that began in 1517 with Martin Luther’s critiques of the Roman Catholic Church, and Divided Protestant from Catholics.

Protestant Reformation

25

Conquered the Mexica empire with the help of a young lady named Malinani

Hernan Cortez

26

Coerced labor , became one of most important form of coerced labor in the new world

African slavery

27

An unsuccessful rebellion against the colonial government in 1676, led by frontier settler Nathaniel Baconn

Bacon’s Rebellion

28

An island in the British West Indies. colonized in the 1630’s , became an enormous sugar producer and a source of wealth for England

Barbados

29

The Ordering of breaking and burning of images of the holy Christ, the Virgin Mary, and the other saints, the crosses, and everything , pertaining to Christianity , led to the death of 2/3 of the Spanish missionaries, lead by the Pope

Pueblo Revolt

30

The belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism.

Mercantilism

31

The belief in the existence of a supreme being, specifically of a creator who does not intervene in the universe

Deism

32

a system of society or government in which the father or eldest male is head of the family and descent is traced through the male line.

Patriarchy

33

the beliefs or principles of a group of English Protestants of the late 16th and 17th centuries who regarded the Reformation of the Church under Elizabeth I as incomplete and sought to simplify and regulate forms of worship

Puritanism

34

Insisted that Christians strictly discipline their behavior to conform to Gods commandments announced in the Bible , idea of John Calvin

Calvinism

35

Believed that God spoke directly to each individual through an “inner light” and that neither ministers nor the Bible was essential to discovering Gods word put them in conflict with orthodox Puritans

Quakers

36

Dutch colony that Were remarkably diverse especially compared with homogeneous English settlers to the north and south

Present day New York

New Netherlands

37

War begun by King Phillip , in which the Wampanoag Indians attacked colonial settlements in western Massachusetts in 1675. The colonist prevailed In the brutal war

King Phillips war

38

The crossing of the Atlantic by slaves ships traveling from West Africa to the Americas.

The Middle Passage

39

Illustrated that 18 century slaves had no chance of overturning slavery and very little chance of defending themselves in any bold strike for freedom

Stono Rebellion

40

An 18th century philosophical movement emphasized the use of reason to reevaluate previous accepted doctrine or traditions

(The thinkers age)

The Enlightenment

41

A wave of religious revivals that began in Massachusetts and spread through the colonies in the 1730s and 40s. It emphasized religious faith and personal choice. Characterized by large , open air meetings at which emotional sermons were given by itinerant preachers

The Great Awakening

42

Defended herself form the accusation of antinomianism.

Anne Hutchinson

43

People who believed that Christians could be saved by faith alone and did not need to act in accordance to Gods laws

Antinomianism

44

Became a minister of a church in Salem, and disagreed with the English government’s requirement that everyone attend church services and was banished

Roger Williams

45

A colony that struggle to survive , but made it through with the neighboring Indians, but didn’t attract many other English Puritans

Plymouth colony

46

In 1629, a group of Puritans obtained a royal charter for Massachusetts Bay Company , selected John Winthrop , a lawyer and landowner, to serve as governor and settle there

Massachusetts Bay Colony