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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (47)
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1

Sherlock holmes applied ______ logic.

deductive

2

Edward Oscar Heinrich stated that crime analysis is an ______ _______. It's precise and it always follows the same questions I ask myself. One of the questions I don't ask is:

orderly procedure/why it happened

3

Geberth, in Practical Homicide Investigation, identifies three primary evidence divisions:

body materials, objects, impression

4

The following is an example of _____ logic:
Fingerprint A is Joes' right index finger
Fingerprint A is on the trigger of the murder weapon
Conclusion: Joe at some time touched the murder weapon

deductive

5

CSR is considered to be a

discipline

6

When presented with conflicting information you should

audit

7

CSR has close laws and principles associating with

archeology

8

The CSR theory associated with "cause and effect" is

nothing just happens

9

Strata/artifacts that are deposited in time order, from oldest to youngest, is

Steno's law of superposition

10

Time and sequence are associated with

chronology

11

Disassociated strata that are similar can be considered to be from the same

depositional period of Steno's law of lateral continuity

12

The history of CSR dates as far back as the

1800s

13

Rynearson & Chisum have five classifications:
Predictable is

body changes (rigor & livor), skeletonization of a blood drop, settling soil.

14

Rynearson & Chisum have five classifications:
Unpredictable is:

a revolver cylinder opened without nothing the position of the chamber under the hammer, an officer or others accidentally kicked a fired cartridge case.

15

Rynearson & Chisum have five classifications:
Relational is:

cartridge cases scattered at a shooting scene, bloodstains under a door that is now shut, showing the door was open at the time the blood was deposited

16

Rynearson & Chisum have five classifications:
Functional or Mechanical:

an oven burner left on, a weapon which is cocked, an alarm clock set for a certain time and yet to go off.

17

Rynearson & Chisum have five classifications:
Transient:

odors, temperatrues, moisture tracks, smoldering cigarette butt, ice cubes still un-melted in a glass.

18

Crime Scene Analysis:

Employs the scientific method to evaluate physical evidence known to the analyst.

19

The goal of a CSR analyst is to

identify the best explanation of the sequence of events

20

What happened here? Is an example of

an investigative question that is not precise or narrow in scope

21

The interpretive value of evidence is

the value of an item of evidence is enhanced by time and the item's relationship to its surroundings

22

The CSR analyst must understand ________________. This demands that an analyst _________________.

the limitations present in the various forensic disciplines./be a generalist in all forensic disciplines.

23

The conclusion is

the best explanation given the data.

24

You test each hypothesis with

predictions of what you would expect to find if the hypothesis is true

25

in the end you can only

eliminate the hypotheses that are false and include whatever is not eliminated as the best explanation of the hypothesis tested.

26

Dr. Paul Kirk is most famous for his work on

the Dr. Sam Shepherd case

27

In 1965 Charles O'Hara wrote

the Fundamentals of Crime Scene Investigation

28

In 1989 Chisum & Rynearson wrote

Evidence & Crime Scene Reconstruction

29

Luke May published

Scientific Murder Investigation in 1933

30

Edward Heinrich was considered

the Wizard of San Francisco