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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (83):
1

Immediate benefits

When your overall healthy everything around you will most likely be healthy

2

Historical context of why health why now

Average life expectancy is 78.8 years for a child born in 2014 and 1900s it was 47 and 30% of death was children below the age of five due to infections

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Long-term rewards

Lifetime expectancy lower than a few countries because of lifestyle and healthcare, lifestyle because the less sleep diet alcohol etc.

4

Mortality

Proportion of deaths to population

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Life expectancy

Expected number of years of life remaining at given age

6

Health-related quality-of-life

Impact health has on physical, mental, emotional, and social function, assessment of health status

7

Link to societal health

Opie city burdens healthcare system and economy, cost of obesity is 150, billion reduce tax revenues from premature death increase disability payments rising health insurance rate sacrifices people make to take care of disabled by disease

8

Models of health

Understanding of health as not only are selves but also our community

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Medical model


Focus primarily on tissues and organs, more treatment then prevention

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Public health model

Factors that contribute to poor health, polluted water air bad diet for housing unsafe work settings interaction with social and physical environment

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Phm Disease prevention

Health official control for in adequate health conditions, actions or behaviors designed to keep people from getting sick

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Phm Health promotion

Combined educational, organizational, procedural, environmental, social, and financial support that help individuals and groups reduce negative health behaviors and promote positive change

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Phm Risk behaviors

Actions that increase susceptibility to negative health outcomes

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Phm Wellness

Achievement of the highest level of health possible in each of several dimensions

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Dimensions of health

Rene Dubois Define health as a quality-of-life, involving social, emotional, mental, spiritual and biological fitness on the part of an individual

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Physical health

Shape and size of body, response to senses, functions relating to sleep, nutrition and physical activity, a persons ability to be active and heal quickly

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Social health

Maintain satisfying interpersonal relationships and successful communication adopting

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Intellectual health

Ability to think clearly, reason objectively, analyze critically, and use brain power effectively

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Emotional health

Express emotions appropriately, emotional intelligence

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Spiritual health

Creating and expressing meaning and purpose in life

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Environmental health

Understanding how health and other environments can affect you

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Individual behavior

Can help you attain, Matain, or regain good health or they can lead to deteriorate health and premature disease

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IB Lack of physical activity

Contributed to 200,000 deaths in USA

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IB Poor nutrition

High in sodium, processed meats and trans fats

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IB excessive alcohol consumption

Causes 88,000 deaths with chronic diseases like heart liver and cancer and responsible for motor accidents and violence

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IB tobacco use

Responsible for about 1/5 deaths in US adults

27

Biology and genetics

Can’t typically change or modify, genetic disorders like sickle cell and etc. have predispositions. Epigenetic’s study of our genes

28

Social factors

Social and physical conditions in the environment

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SF economic factors

Lower life expectancy and lower socioeconomic an illness, lack access to education for housing and unable to pay for needs

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SF The built environment

Anything created or modified by human beings

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SF Pollutants and infectious agents

Quality of agents around us air

32

Access to quality health services

33 million estimated to be uninsured. 8 million are 18 or 34, 13 million unable to get Medicaid, 40% avoided care because of high deductible

33

Policymaking

Examples include policies and fanning tobacco sales to minors, access to health services is also affected by policymaking including health insurance and shirt waist factory fire

34

Health behavior model

Model for explaining how believes may influence others. Several factors include perceived seriousness of the Health problem, perceived susceptibility to the health problem, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cues to action you get what you expect

35

Social cognitive model

Model of behavior change emphasizing the role of social factors and thought processes and behavior change our observations change our opinions

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Transtheoretical model

Model of behavior change that identified six distinct people go through an altar rating behavior patterns sages include precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, terminance

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How can you improve your health behaviors

Increase awareness, contemplate change, prepare change, take action to change

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Increase Awareness

Knowledge about behaviors and how they contribute to help, also learn health determine determiners, aspects of your biology and behavior

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Contemplate change

Examine your current health habits and patterns, identify a target behavior, learn more about the target behavior, assess your motivation and your readiness to change, develop self efficiency and cultivate an internal locus of control

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Prepare for change

Set smart goals, specific measurable action oriented realistic time oriented you shaping anticipate barriers of change in list others as change agents and sign a contract

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Take action to change

Visualize new behavior, learn to counter, control the situation, change your self talk, reward yourself with positive reinforcement, journal, deal in relapse

42

What is psychological health

Includes mental, emotional, social, and spiritual dimensions, feel good about selves, comfortable, self compassionate

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Resilience

Ability to adapt to change and stressful events in healthy and flexible Ways

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Resiliency factors

Social competence, problem-solving skills, critical consciousness, autonomy, sense of purpose

45

Social competence

Ability to make friends, using humor appropriately, understanding social cues, adapting to new social situations

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Problem-solving skills

Ability to recognize patterns, I think abstractly, maintain an internal locus of control, seeing another point of view

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Critical consciousness

Recognize systems of oppression and rise above it and recognize the truth see the world positively rationally and regionally

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Autonomy

Ability to individuate from primary caregivers, sees yourself as competent and self-sufficient, and can demonstrate that

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Sense of purpose

Participate in a community, have a spiritual life, contribute meaningfully to society

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Basic behavior model

Need to tension to action that result in negative or positive negative is short term positive with long-term

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Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs basic needs

Food shelter clothing water and attachment

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Maslow’s hierarchy of needs safety and security

Job housing safe and insurance

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Maslow’s hierarchy of needs social

Feel excepted has friends and fit in

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Maslow’s hierarchy of needs esteem

Being knowledge to for expertise, knowing what you’re good at

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Maslow’s hierarchy of needs self actualization

Live out your dreams, get back to your community

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Maslow’s hierarchy of needs organization

Basic needs, safety and security, social, esteem, self actualization

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McClellands Acquired needs theory

Achievement, empowerment, and affiliation

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McClellands achievement

This group identifies with their job likes to receive more work for accomplishment purpose

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McClellands empowerment

Does a great job, not for recognition our friendship but in order to make money and facilitate outside life

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McClellands affiliation

Please their slot well, and expects others to do so motivated through team and the We

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Vrooms expectancy theory

You get what you expect

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Mental health

The thinking part of psychological health includes your values attitudes and belief

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Emotional health

Feeling part of Psychological health that includes your emotional reactions to life

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Social health

Aspect of psychological health includes interactions with others ability to use social support an ability to adapt to various situations, family social supports community and loneliness versus alone time

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Social health the family

Healthy families promote good health why dysfunctional families don’t

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Social health social supports

Network of people and services with whom you share ties and from whom you get support

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Social health community

Environment of where you live affects your social health

68

Social health loneliness versus alone time

Loneliness is a feeling of emptiness or hollowness

69

Spiritual health

Aspect of psychological health that relates to having a sense of meaning and purpose to one’s life as well as a feeling of connection with others and with nature

70

Self efficiency

Describes a person’s belief about whether he or she can successfully engage in an execute a specific behavior

71

Self-esteem

Once a realistic sense of self respect or self-worth

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Learned helplessness

Pattern of responding to situations by giving up because of repeated failure in the past

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Learned optimism

Teaching on oneself to think positively

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Self talk cycles

Models of behavior driven by falsehoods lies

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Imprinting

Lifelong or length process of attaching and forming mental models that influences your experiences

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Shark music

Physiological response that alerts you two a reactive state

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Mental models

Cognitive schemas formed from culture and life experience that drive our behavior

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Emotional intelligence

Ability to anticipate identify and understand and manage emotions in a positive way communicate effectively and emphasize

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Personalities

Driven, inspiring, study, conscientious

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Driven

Dominance, person places emphasis on accomplishing results the bottom line confidence

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Inspiring

Influence, person places emphasis on influencing of persuading others, openness, relationships

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Steady

Steadiness, places emphasis on cooperation sincerity and dependability

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Conscientious

Conscientiousness, Places emphasis on quality and accuracy expertise and competency