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1

Archaeology is not

political, dinosaurs or about valuable objects

2

The scientific study of the material remains of past cultures
The body of theory, method and technique that guides the systematic recovery and analysis of the traces of past human behavior

archaeology

3

7 types of archaeology

prehistoric, historic, classical, epigraphy, ethnoarchaeology, public, and nautical

4

you need to think to a

purpose

5

A methodology for interpretations and explanations

science

6

_____ and _____: the phenomena is different but the method is the same

science and history

7

What works now worked the same in the past

Uniformitarianism

8

______ and _____ think like archaeologists

geologists and paleontologists

9

Reaction to the mid 1900s when they rigidly structured archaeological thinking and said it needed to be more scientific

Postmodernism

10

Socially acquired (i.e. learned) traditions of thought and behavior ... shared values, ideals, and beliefs used to interpret experience and generate behavior*

culture

11

Your individual spin on something, could be everywhere but it doesn’t mean it’s useful

the idiosyncratic

12

The most common way to look at variation, used to identify patterns

modal values

13

What are the 5 goals of archaeology

1. Cultural history
2. Cultural reconstruction
3. cultural process
4. cultural context
5. (emerging) processual plus

14

This goal examines questions concerning when and where events took place in the past and who (in the broadest sense) was involved

goal 1: Cultural history

15

Also primarily a descriptive goal related to or dependent on culture history. It examines functional questions of what happened in the past

goal 2: cultural reconstruction

16

This goal is primarily explanatory, examining questions about why events happened in the past as they did. This goal has been confused with the search for law-like regularities in past human behavior

Goal 3: cultural process

17

This goal attempts to examine the meaning of cultural phenomena, attempting to gain an emic perspective on the past

goal 4: cultural context

18

To reflect on your own bias. This is usually done by journaling. It also has you look at back at your results

reflexivity

19

Betting multiple opinions from a lot of people (Especially people with a connection to the thing)

multivocality

20

No ‘either or’ explanations, a lot of explanations and the ‘best one’ is chosen but your mind is still open for other possibilities

Non-dichotomous perspective

21

Archaeologists should use systematic methods of inquiry to solve problems, but also recognize the importance of individuals, symbolism, reflexivity, and non-dichotomous and multi-vocal perspectives while approaching the archaeological record

Goal 5: (Emerging) Processual-Plus

22

You can only categorize things into boxes if

they don't change

23

Darwin is the most quintessential

historical scientist

24

The product of historical science is the “____” stories with reference to law like processes where applicable (like natural selection), but recognition that unique individuals who each have their own unique histories are the source of all variation

best fit