Exam 1 (Ch 1-6) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1 (Ch 1-6) Deck (53):
1

The basic property of all music

Sound

2

HIP (human intention and perception approach) emphasizes,

inclusiveness over exclusiveness, and that is music is inseparable from the people who make it and experience it

3

the term "music"

is inescapably ethnocentric to some degree and is inescapably tied to Western culture and its assumptions

4

Qur'anic recitation:

is not music from orthodox Muslim perspectives, but does exhibit qualities (e.g., melodic, rhythmic) that make it sound musical to non-Muslims

5

The best way to figure out if something is or is not music is to:

determine whether there are people who intended it to be music or who perceive it as music

6

a group of persons regarded as forming a single community of related interdependent individuals

society

7

when royal churches support musicians or musical institutions

patraonage

8

people who share a sense of homeland but do not have any political autonomy over that homeland

nation-state

9

special events during which individuals or communities enact their core beliefs, values, and ideals through performance

rituals

10

a people defined by shared identification with a "homeland" where they themselves do not reside

diaspora

11

Ehtnomusicologists are interested in understanding music as:

a musicultural phenomenon

12

the process by which music moves from one person or community to another

transmission

13

to compose in the moment of performance

improvisation

14

planning the design of a musical work prior to its performance

composititon

15

The complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society

culture

16

draws on musicology, anthropology, and other disciplines in order to study the worlds musics

ehthnomusicology

17

rhythm is closely related to

duration

18

the underlying pulse of music

beat

19

defined by the number of beats per measure

meter

20

when meters are longer and more complex, we use the term:

metric cycle

21

the rate at which beats pass in music

tempo

22

When music is nonmetric it is called:

free rhythym

23

The process of creative transformation whose most remarkable feature is the continuity it nurtures and sustains

tradition

24

the ways in which people think about and represent themselves and one another through music

identity

25

pitch

the highness and lowness of musical tones, related to frequency

26

soundwaves

vibrations that result in musical sound

27

melodic range

the distance in pitch from the lowest to the highest note

28

melodic direction

the upward/downward movement of the melody as it progresses

29

melodic contour

overall shape of the melody

30

chromatic scale

all 12 pitches in order

31

determinate pitch

instruments that can be identified with pitch names
ex: violin, piano, trumpet, flute, xylophone

32

indeterminate pitch

instruments that have no clear pitch
ex: cymbals, triangles, drums

33

uses 4 original (now 5) categories to classify instruments

Hornbostel-Sachs system (1914)

34

String is producing the sound, vibrating over a resonating chamber
ex: Violin, sitar

Chordophones

35

produces sound by air passing through some kind of resonator
ex: flutes, organs, human voice

Aerophones

36

where vibration of membrane stretched across a frame resonator produces the sound
ex: drums, kazoo

Membranophones

37

instruments where the vibration of the body produces the sound
ex: maracas, thumb piano, glass armonica (ben franklin thing)

Idiophones

38

pure electronic instruments, must be categorized as sound generators and sound modifiers
ex: synthesizer
Hybrids: electric guitars, etc

electronophones

39

texture

describes the kinds of relationships that emerge and evolve between characters

40

form

the element of music that pertains to large scale dimensions of music organizations

41

single line texture

the simplest, aka monophonic textures. One layer. Multiple people could be playing but it would have to be the same pitches and rhythms one sound

42

polyphonic texture

two or more distinct parts

43

drone

accompanying a melody is a common and simple type of polyphonic texture

44

harmonized texture

when notes of different pitches occur together to form chords or harmonies

45

multiple melody texture

occurs in polyphonic music that features two or more essentially separate melodic lines being performed simultaneously

46

polyrythym

several layers, different rhythms (no melodies involved), often just percussion instruments

47

when musical melodies and rhythmic lines are stacked upon each other, a single melody may be divided by two or more instruments

interlocking parts

48

how music is laid out from beginning to end, how the music unfolds and develops as it progresses

form

49

when there is no repetition and the music has a lack of distinction

through composed

50

element of repetiton

hook

51

when the repetition slightly changes

varied repetition

52

a short figure repeated multiple times. the smallest form of organization for music

ostinato

53

similar to ostinato, but the repeated cycle is longer than an ostinato

cyclic form