Exam 1-chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1-chapter 1 Deck (38):
1

st. vitus dance

4th century Sicilian martyr
its rapid, uncontrollable jerks and movements of face, hands, and feet
sydanham's chorea

2

emotion contagion

experience of emotions spreads to ppl around you

3

mob psych

panic of group (anger, grief, panic) Ex: ebola

4

4 humors

blood=air
yellow bile=fire
black bile=earth
phlegm=water

5

increase phlegm

apathy, sluggish

6

increase yellow bile

increase temper

7

increase black bile

depression

8

too much blood in brain

delirium

9

common benzodiazepines

alprazolam- Xanax
clonazepam- Klonopin
diazepam- Valium
lorazepam- Atrivam

10

psychoanalysis

role of unconscious drives (sex, power)
important of early experiences?

11

catharsis

helpful release of emotion

12

displacement

send emotion to new target (mad at boss, yell at spouse)

13

reaction formation

behave opposite of feelings because more acceptable (Robin Williams-comedian but sad inside and committed suicide)

14

projection

attribute your emotions to someone else

15

sublimation

channel emotion into something positive

16

classical conditioning

eat at Bonomza, get sick

17

operant conditioning

child cries, gets ice cream, likes ice cream, cries more often to get ice cream more often

18

3 things that make up a psych disorder

psych dysfunction
distress or impairment
atypical response

19

hippocrates

-father of modern medicine
-etiology of mental disorders=physical disease
-linked abnormality with brain chemical imbalances

20

galen

extended hippo work

21

galenic-hippocratic tradition

humoral theory of disorders (4 humors)

22

Pasteur

discovered cause to syphilis to be a bacterial microorganism which led to penicillin as treatment resulting in the idea that mental illness=physical illness

23

JP Grey

-believed mental illness had physical roots
-led to reforms of hospitals to have better care for psychological patients

24

Emil Kraepelin

father of classification-improved diagnosis and classification

25

moral therapy and its proponents

-treat patients as normally as possible in a normal environment
-Philippe Pinel and Pussin believe patients should not be restrained
-ben Rush-led reforms in US
-Dorothy Dix-mental hygiène mvmt

26

Anna Freud

self-psychology

27

Melanie Klein
Otto Kemberg

object relations relations theory

28

Carl Jung

emphasized "collective unconscious" and spiritual and religious drives

29

Alfred Adler

focused on feelings of inferiority, invented "inferiority complex"

30

psychoanalytic therapy

talking out problems
long term therapy

31

psychodynamic therapy

-therapy shorter, more goal-oriented
-may help to uncover trauma and active defense mechanisms
-largely unscientific and untested

32

Abraham Maslow

hierarchy of needs
humans fulfill basic needs first before moving onto higher needs like self esteem

33

carl rogers

person-centered therapy

34

JB Watson

believed that psychology should be as scientific and objective as possible

35

Mary Cover Jones

one of the first to treat phobias with exposure and extinction of learned association

36

EL Thorndike

law of effect-behavior will repeat more often if it is followed by good consequences and less often if it is followed by bad consequences

37

BF Skinner

behavior operates on environment and is managed by consequences

behavior shaping-new behavior can be learned by reinforcing successive approximations

38

Joseph Wolpe

systematic desensitization-individuals gradually exposed to fears while practicing relaxation exercises